Taxation and Customs Union

Intellectual Property Rights - Facts and figures

Every year, the European Commission publishes a report describing the customs detentions of articles suspected of infringing intellectual property rights (IPR), such as trademarks, copyrights and patents.

These statistics, compiled on the basis of the data transmitted by the EU Member States in accordance with Article 31 of Regulation (EU) No 608/2013, of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning customs enforcement of intellectual property rights provide useful information to support the analysis of IPR infringements affecting the EU market and the development of appropriate counter-measures.

Reports on EU customs enforcement of intellectual property rights are available from this page for consultation and download.

Please note that only detentions made under the procedures set forth in Regulation (EU) No 608/2013, are included in these statistics.


Statistics published on 19 September 2019 by the European Commission show a number of more than 27 million articles suspected of violating intellectual property rights. In 2018, almost 70 000 detention cases were registered by Customs.

As far as the detained articles are concerned, the value of the equivalent genuine products is estimated to be over 740 million euro.       

The top categories of detained articles were cigarettes, which accounted for 15% of the overall amount of detained articles. This was followed by toys (14%), packaging material (9%), labels, tags and stickers (9%) and clothing (8%). Products for daily personal use in the home such as body care articles, medicines, toys and electrical household goods accounted for nearly 37% of the total number of detained articles.

China continued to be the main source country for goods infringing intellectual property rights. North Macedonia was the main provenance for counterfeit alcoholic beverages. Turkey was the top source for other beverages, perfumes and cosmetics. EU customs saw a high number of fake watches, mobile phones and accessories, ink cartridges and toners, CDs/DVDs, labels, tags and stickers from Hong Kong, China. The main source for computer equipment was India, Cambodia for cigarettes and Bosnia and Herzegovina for packaging material.




Number of registered cases and articles

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