The Overseas Countries and Territories (OCT)
The EC grants unilateral trade preferences to the OCTs. These are constitutionally linked to four of the Member States (Denmark, France, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom).
a) General introduction
The OCTs are not part of the Community territory. They are constitutionally linked to four of the Member States (Denmark , France , the Netherlands and the United Kingdom). The founding Treaty, the 1957 Treaty of Rome, provides for the associate status of these countries or territories.
The purpose of this association is to promote the economic and social development of the OCTs and to establish close economic relations between them and the Community as a whole. The European Community grants unilateral trade preferences to all products originating in the OCTs. The rules of origin stipulate the conditions under which this preferential access is to be enjoyed by the beneficiary countries.
For general information on OCTs you may consult the website of DG Development.
b) Legal framework
Annex VI to Council Decision No. 2013/755/EU of 25 November 2013 (OJ L 344, 19.12.2013 p. 37).
c) Specific provisions
NOTICE: These specific provisions only contain information on cases where the rules of the particular arrangement differ from the common provisions, or where these common provisions need to be complemented. Therefore, always check the common provisions too.
In the case of processing in two or more OCTs the products will be considered as originating in the OCT where the last working or processing took place, provided that the working or processing exceeds insufficient working or processing operations.
For the purpose of defining the concept of origin, the territories of the OCTs are considered as one territory. This means that if a manufacturer in an OCT uses materials from one or more other OCTs, the materials are treated no differently from those obtained in the OCT in which he manufactures his products.
Cumulation with EPA (Economic Partnership Agreement) States and the EU
Bilateral cumulation, diagonal cumulation and full cumulation are applicable.
Cumulation with EPA States does not apply to:
- materials originating in South Africa that do not benefit from duty free quota free access in the framework of the SADC EPA
- materials listed in Appendix XIII to Annex VI (until 1.10.2015)
Cumulation with GSP countries
Cumulation with countries benefiting from duty-free quota-free access to the Union under the Generalised System of Preferences.
This cumulation shall not apply to:
materials from counties which are subject to antidumping or countervailing duties;
certain tuna products classified under Harmonised System Chapters 3 and 16
materials to which safeguard or surveillance measures apply
The Commission may grant, at the request of an OCT, cumulation of origin with a country with which the Union has a free trade agreement in force.
The operations that are considered as insufficient working or processing to confer the status of originating products are listed in Article 5 to Annex III to Council Decision 2001/822/EC of 27 November 2001 (OJ L 314, 30.11.2001 p. 35)
General tolerance rule
Non-originating materials can be used provided their value does not exceed 15 % of the ex-works price of the final product.
No drawback rule
Drawback is not prohibited.
Proof of origin
- a movement certificate EUR.1 or
- a declaration given by an approved exporter or by any exporterprovided that the total value of the products does not exceed € 6 000
Validity of proof of origin
The period of validity is ten months.
Exemption from proof of origin
- When the total value of the imported products does not exceed € 500 in the case of small packages or € 1 200 in the case of products forming part of personal luggage.
A derogation is simply a temporary lessening or relaxation of the law or the rules, therefore allowing preferential treatment to be accorded to products which may not strictly satisfy the criteria for "originating products".
The Member State or the relevant authorities of the OCTs concerned shall notify the Community of its request for derogation together with the reasons for the request. Decisions are in principle taken by the Commission.
Derogations are normally valid for a period of five years.
Derogations that are currently in force:
- fishery products from Saint-Pierre and Miquelon ( OJ L 49, 24.2.2011, p.37) valid until 31.1.2019 (Corrigenda, OJ L 183, 13.7.2011, p. 31)
shrimps and prawns from Greenland (OJ L 207, 15.7.2014, p. 20) valid until 31.12.2020
sugar from Curaçao (OJ L 27, 3.2.2015, p. 42) valid until 31.3.2017