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Within the EU, the Circular Economy Package covers the whole cycle from production and consumption to waste management. The Cohesion Policy investments total more than 150 EUR billion for 2014-2020 in environment protection and resource efficiency, R&I, SMEs competitiveness and low-carbon growth. One of the key objectives of the 7th Environment Action Programme, which guides EU environment policy until 2020, is to turn the Union into a resource-efficient, green, and competitive economy.

Beyond its borders, the EU invests in projects which promote responsible supply chains and responsible business practices through the European development policy and the European Neighbourhood Policy. As part of its trade and investment policy, the EU promotes inclusive growth, fair and ethical trade schemes, human rights and good governance. Transition to inclusive green economy is supported through integration of environmental concerns in development cooperation and dedicated assistance in key areas.

A full list of EU policies and actions supporting Goal 12 is available below.

EU actions

Sorted alphabetically.

EU Actions supporting Goal 12.

EU Actions supporting specific Goal 12 targets.

12.1 - Implement the 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries

12.2 - By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources

12.3 - By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses

12.4 - By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment

12.5 - By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse

12.6 - Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle

12.7 - Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities

12.8 - By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature

12.a - Support developing countries to strengthen their scientific and technological capacity to move towards more sustainable patterns of consumption and production

12.b - Develop and implement tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products

12.c - Rationalize inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies that encourage wasteful consumption by removing market distortions, in accordance with national circumstances, including by restructuring taxation and phasing out those harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries and minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development in a manner that protects the poor and the affected communities