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Within its borders, EU action complements national governments' policies on social protection and inclusion. The EU Cohesion Policy covers social inclusion, while fighting poverty and discrimination. The European pillar of social rights promotes equal opportunities, access to the labour market, fair working conditions, adequate and accessible social protection and inclusion. To tackle discrimination arising from racial or ethnic origin, religion or belief, disability, age or sexual orientation and sex, the EU relies on racial and employment equality legislation.

Across the globe, the EU acts to address inequality through the European development policy, while closer to its borders it works through the European Neighbourhood Policy and the Enlargement policy. Action focuses on pro-poor fiscal policies, strengthened governance, fair and transparent tax systems, public sector management, domestic resource mobilisation and adequate and sustainable social protection, all of which contribute to tackle inequalities.

A full list of EU policies and actions supporting Goal 10 is available below.

EU actions

Sorted alphabetically.

EU Actions supporting Goal 10.

EU Actions supporting specific Goal 10 targets.

10.1 - By 2030, progressively achieve and sustain income growth of the bottom 40 per cent of the population at a rate higher than the national average

10.2 - By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status

10.3 - Ensure equal opportunity and reduce inequalities of outcome, including by eliminating discriminatory laws, policies and practices and promoting appropriate legislation, policies and action in this regard

10.4 - Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality

10.5 - Improve the regulation and monitoring of global financial markets and institutions and strengthen the implementation of such regulations

10.7 - Facilitate orderly, safe, regular and responsible migration and mobility of people, including through the implementation of planned and well-managed migration policies

10.a - Implement the principle of special and differential treatment for developing countries, in particular least developed countries, in accordance with World Trade Organization agreements

10.b - Encourage official development assistance and financial flows, including foreign direct investment, to States where the need is greatest, in particular least developed countries, African countries, small island developing States and landlocked developing countries, in accordance with their national plans and programmes

10.c - By 2030, reduce to less than 3 per cent the transaction costs of migrant remittances and eliminate remittance corridors with costs higher than 5 per cent