Modernised coordination applies in the EU since 1 May 2010. It includes the following consolidated regulations:
These texts include the modifications to Regulation (EC) No 883/2004 and Regulation (EC) No 987/2009 made by Regulation (EC) No 988/2009, Commission Regulation (EU) No 1244/2010, Regulation (EU) No 465/2012 and Commission Regulation (EU) No 1224/2012.
EU provisions on the coordination of social security schemes have existed since Regulations No 3 and 4 of 1958. They have been updated and extended many times.
However, modernised coordination is the first major reform since the 1970s regulations:
Nationals of non-EU countries
Since 1 January 2011, Regulation (EU) No 1231/2010 extends modernised coordination to nationals of non-EU countries (third-country nationals) legally resident in the EU and in a cross-border situation. Their family members and survivors are also covered if they are in the EU.
It does not apply to Denmark or the United Kingdom.
Regulation (EU) No 1231/2010 will be a source of rights, for example, in the case of a third-country national who has moved from one EU country to another for work, but whose children have stayed in the previous EU country.
Non-EU nationals can continue to benefit from the previous EU coordination rules in cases concerning the United Kingdom as Regulation (EC) No 859/2003 (which extended Regulation (EEC) No 1408/71 to nationals of non-EU countries) continues to apply there.
Modernised coordination applies in relation to Switzerland as from 1 April 2012.
- Annex II to the Agreement between the European Community and its Member States, of the one part, and the Swiss Confederation, of the other, on the free movement of persons, as updated by Decision No 1/2012 of the Joint Committee established by that agreement
The EEA (European Economic Area)
Modernised coordination applies in relation to Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein (EEA countries) as from 1 June 2012.
- Annex VI to the Agreement on the European Economic Area (EEA Agreement), as updated by Decision No 76/2011 of the EEA Joint Committee