- Employment and Social Developments in Europe (ESDE)
- Labour Market and Wage Developments in Europe (LMD)
- Employment and Social Developments in Europe - Quarterly Review
- Short analytical notes – Occasional web notes
- Working papers
We publish regular reports on the labour market and social developments in the EU. This analysis supports:
- EU institutions,
- national governments
- other stakeholders
in social and employment policy making.
At EU level, these reports are used to shape policy priorities under the:
- Europe 2020 Strategy and the European Semester
- European Employment Strategy
- Social Protection and Social Inclusion strategy
This review provides in-depth medium to long-term analysis of various employment and social issues, such as:
- long-term unemployment
- mobility and migration
- people and skills
- modernising social protection schemes
Since 2017, the annual ESDE review has been dedicated to one overarching theme: intergenerational fairness and demographic change in 2017, the future of work, new forms of work and digitalisation in 2018, sustainable growth in 2019 and fairness and solidarity in 2020:
This report analyses the labour market from a macroeconomic perspective. It provides an analysis of recent employment and wage developments, looking at the euro area and the EU as a whole in comparison with its global trading partners. Each edition includes a thematic chapter that deepens the macro-economic analysis of a relevant issue.
A section is devoted to policy trends and recent labour market measures enacted by EU countries, based on the LABREF database. The report also describes the labour market recommendations addressed to each member state in the context of the European Semester.
This quarterly provides a review of recent social and labour market developments in the EU. It looks at short-term changes in GDP and employment trends, e.g. employment and unemployment rates, long-term unemployment, youth unemployment, labour demand, productivity, changes in gross disposable household income and financial distress. It occasionally looks at specific market groups (women, young people). It provides information on the EU as a whole, the euro area, and each member state.
- Latest edition - September 2021
- Previous editions
- Charts – Recurrent analysis - latest update (Excel)
These occasional analytical web notes provide a special focus on a particular subject. They include descriptive analysis of recently published data, including data from the EU-LFS or the EU-SILC surveys or other sources (e.g. the Labour Market Policy statistics database).
Analytical working papers examine various aspects of employment and social policy in detail and are the basis for priority policy programmes, e.g. the Europe 2020 process.
They provide detailed analytical background information for long-term challenges and are published online.
- The rise of the paradigm of sustainability and the quest for its measurement in the social domain (September 2020)
- Determinants of skills matching - The role of institutions (September 2020)
- Efficiency allocation of EU movers and third country nationals in the European Union (September 2020)
- The EU-wide income distribution: inequality levels and decompositions (May 2018)
- Labour market performance of refugees in the EU (May 2017)
- Previous editions
Reports by subject
- Labour market modelling
- Labour market policy analysis
- Migration & mobility
- Tackling climate change
- Employment by sector
- Labour market analysis
Expert networks and EU agencies
- Social Situation Monitor
- OECD - reports
- European Employment Observatory
- Eurofound - reports
- European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop)