Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion

Finland - Sickness allowance

When can I claim sickness allowance?

Sometimes you may become so ill that you are temporarily unable to work. In these situations, Kela will compensate you for the loss of earnings for the period during which you were unable to work due to illness with a sickness allowance.

If you can work part time during the illness, without compromising your health or recovery, you can claim partial sickness allowance (osasairauspäiväraha).

What are the conditions for claiming sickness allowance?

Sickness allowance is paid to those between the ages of 16 and 67. The entitlement to sickness allowance commences nine working days after the illness begins (not counting the day of onset). The employer generally pays the employee's wages during this waiting period. Most employers also pay the full salary during the first one to two months.

A doctor's certificate is required for the period during which you are unable to work.

Kela will pay sickness allowance for a maximum of one year (300 working days). If you receive pay during the period of illness, Kela will pay the compensation to your employer.

To receive partial sickness allowance, your working hours and pay must have been reduced by 40–60 per cent. Partial sickness allowance can be claimed for a maximum of 120 working days.

What am I entitled to and how can I claim?

Sickness allowance is calculated based on annual income declared for taxation purposes or work income for the last six months.

The amount of sickness allowance can also be affected by whether you were in rehabilitation, studying, or suffering from a previous illness or unemployed before you fell ill.

You can claim sickness allowance even if you have never received income from work or benefits. In such cases you will be paid at least the minimum amount after your inability to work has lasted for an uninterrupted period of at least 55 days. Find out how much you can claim in sickness allowance on the Kela website, www.kela.fi/web/en

Sickness allowance is taxable income.

Useful forms and links

Know your rights

You can find out more information about your rights via the links below. The websites are not maintained by the European Commission and they do not represent the Commission's views.

The Commission's publication and website:

Who should I contact?

Contact Kela's customer services, www.kela.fi/web/en

You can apply for sickness allowance online: http://www.kela.fi/asiointi

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