In what situation can I claim?
Persons who care for a dependent child within foster care are eligible for foster care benefits.
Such person may be a registered person, meaning a person who has met the requirements and is registered as a temporary foster parent. Such a person may also be a caregiver, who may be a long-term foster parent, guardian or other caregiver in pre-foster care. (See the Jargon busters for both terms)
The benefits help secure the basic prerequisites for the work of foster parents. They serve as remuneration for their work and as compensation for the costs associated with raising and caring for a child.
Different benefits are given for both categories of foster parents.
What conditions do I need to meet?
The common eligibility condition for all foster care benefits is that applicants have their residence r in the Czech Republic or a residence permit according to a special regulation (i.e. Zákon o pobytu cizinců na území České republiky). The Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs can waive this condition in unique cases.
The fostering grant is paid to a caregiver who has accepted a child into permanent foster care. It is not provided to a registered person who is only the child's foster parent for a limited period of time.
The foster parent allowance is the basic benefit used to substitute the foster parent's income from employment or business.
Both groups, meaning registered persons and caregivers, are eligible for this benefit. It is paid on a monthly basis for the duration of such care. If two spouses are foster parents at the same time, only one is eligible.
Eligibility conditions are restricted if the foster parent is a grandparent or great-grandparent of the entrusted child. Such foster parents in these cases are only eligible if they are caring for more than two healthy children or one or more children with disabilities (from the second degree of dependence - see Jargon busters). A grandparent caring for one or two healthy children may be eligible for the foster parent allowance in some cases depending on their relative means and social situation.
The foster child allowance is a benefit intended for children in foster care. This benefit is used to cover their living needs. This benefit is paid when the child is in the care of a caregiver even if raised by a registered person.
This benefit is intended for minor children. These children remain eligible after reaching the age of majority if they are still dependent children (see Jargon busters). Such eligibility lapses when they reach the age of 26.
The motor vehicle grant is intended for caregivers who have at least three children in foster care. The grant is used to finance the purchase of or to repair a motor vehicle. Persons registered for this grant cannot actually receive these funds.
The grant at the end of foster care is a one-off benefit used as support to help young adults get a start in adult life. Young people who have grown up in foster care, reached the age of majority and are no longer eligible for the foster child allowance are eligible for this benefit.
The fact that the applicant was in the care of a registered person or a caregiver plays no role. Eligibility is the same for both groups. This allowance is paid at a later date if such person remains a dependent child after reaching the age of majority (due to studies, etc.) and is eligible for the foster child allowance. The allowance is paid when they reach the age of 26 at the latest.
What am I entitled to and how can I claim?
This grant is paid out in a lump sum following a decision by the relevant authority to place the child in foster care. The amount of this grant depends on the age of the child:
Up to the age of 6
Foster parent allowance
This allowance is paid on a monthly basis depending on the number of children cared for by the foster parent. The amount differs for both categories of beneficiaries.
A caregiver is eligible for:
- CZK 12,000 if caring for one child;
- CZK 18,000 if caring for two children;
- CZK 20,000; if caring for three children or caring for one child with a disability (in the second or higher degree of dependency);
- CZK 6,000 for each additional child.
A registered person is eligible for:
- CZK 20,000, even if not currently caring for any child;
A caregiver is eligible for the foster parent allowance if the child remains dependent after reaching the age of majority.
The foster parent allowance is treated as income in terms of tax law and social, health and accident insurance. The foster parent is in a similar situation as if they were employed in this respect.
Foster child allowance
This is a regular monthly allowance that increases with the child's age:
- CZK 4,950 for children under the age of 6;
- CZK 6,105 for children aged 6-12;
- CZK 6,985 for children aged 12-18;
- CZK 7,260 for dependent children aged 18-26.
Payment is increased for children dependent on the care of another person (with a disability).
Motor vehicle grant
This grant equals 70% of the cost to purchase or completely repair a motor vehicle. The grant is capped at a total of CZK 100,000. The applicant is only reimbursed CZK 100,000 if 70% of the cost is higher than this maximum amount.
The grant is one-off support but can be drawn repeatedly. The eligibility condition is that the total amount provided through this grant cannot exceed CZK 200,000 over the previous 10 years.
The vehicle co-financed by the foster parent from the grant cannot be used for work purposes.
Where and how to apply
Applications for any foster care benefits can be filed in writing (by sending a printed and completed form) or in person at the Labour Office's regional offices and contact points.
They can also be filed electronically through the Integrated Portal of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs.
Up to one year of benefits can be applied for retroactively.
- A registered person (osoba v evidenci) is a natural person registered in the records of authorised foster care providers. Such a person must have completed the requisite assessments and training. Such a person provides foster care for a temporary period of time.
- A caregiver (osoba pečující) is the person responsible for raising a child. Such person may be:
- a foster parent (someone for a temporary period of time);
- the former foster parent of a dependent child who has not yet reached the age of 26;
- a person assigned care of a child by the court and interested in becoming the child's foster parent;
- a guardian personally caring of a child.
- The degree of dependency (stupeň závislosti) reflects the severity of a disability and influences eligibility for the foster parent allowance. This degree is defined based on the child's independent ability to secure their basic living needs. Four different degrees are identified.
- A dependent child (nezaopatřené dítě) is a child up to the age of 26 who is unable to provide for their own subsistence due to age, study or health.
Forms you may need
- Application for foster care benefits (Žádosti o dávky pěstounské péče), this website of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs contains the forms needed for all types of benefits, in Czech.
Know your rights
These links do not lead to European Commission websites and do not represent the views of the European Commission:
- Rights of caregivers and registered persons (Práva osob pečujících a osob v evidenci) - in Czech;
- Who is eligible for foster care benefits (Kdo má nárok na pěstounské dávky), Section 47 of the Act on the Social and Legal Protection of Children, in Czech;
- Foster parents have a right to services website (Pěstouni mají právo na služby), in Czech
Please make use of EU assistance services if you experience any problems in applying your rights:
List of the Labour Office's regional offices and contact points (in Czech): http://portal.mpsv.cz/soc/ssp/local
Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs of the Czech Republic (Ministerstvo práce a sociálních věcí ČR)
Na Poříčním právu 1/376
128 01 Prague 2
Tel. +420 221921111
Data box: sc9aavg