Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion

Bulgaria - Other family allowances and benefits

In what situation can I claim?

One-off pregnancy benefit is payable to pregnant women who cannot receive maternity benefits. They are available for women who are insured for general illness and maternity but do not comply with the conditions for the required period of social insurance cover. More information about maternity benefits can be found in the maternity chapter.

One-off childbirth benefit is payable irrespective of the level of family income. If you give birth to twins, the amount is higher.

A mother (adoptive mother) is entitled to a one-off benefit for raising twins, regardless of the income of the family, provided the children are not placed for care outside the family in accordance with the Child Protection Act and provided they have permanent residence in Bulgaria.

One-off benefit for the raising of a child by a mother (adoptive mother) who is a full-time university student is payable if the mother has been enrolled as a full-time university student as of the date of birth of the child.

Once your child is enrolled in year one, you can apply for one-off benefits. These are provided only once during the child's entire period of education.

Mothers of multiple children are entitled to one-off benefit for travel by train or bus once a year in Bulgaria. This applies to mothers who have given birth to or have adopted and care for three or more children aged over 1 year.

Adoptive parents are entitled to one-off benefit upon adoption of a child regardless of the income of the family, provided that the adoptive parents and the child reside permanently in this country.

What conditions do I need to meet?

You are entitled to the one-off pregnancy benefit if your income is less than BGN  450. In order to receive this, you must not be entitled to pregnancy and childbirth (maternity) benefit even if you are insured for general illness and maternity, since you do not meet the required social insurance period conditions.

The mother has the right to a one-off benefit in the event of the birth of a living child irrespective of the family income, provided the child is not placed for care outside the family in accordance with the Child Protection Act. You are entitled to receive this benefit from the date of birth of the child and you can apply for it within 3 years of this date. If you give birth to twins, you are entitled to this benefit for each of the children.

The entitlement to one-off benefit for raising twins elapses when the children reach the age of 6 months. A mother (adoptive mother) is entitled to a one-off benefit for raising twins, provided the children are not placed for raising outside the family.

Both benefits above must be refunded if, before reaching the age of two, the child is placed for care outside the family because of culpable behaviour of the parent or of the person caring for the child in accordance with the Child Protection Act.

A mother (adoptive mother) is entitled to a one-off benefit for raising a child regardless of the income of the family, provided that the child:

  • resides permanently in Bulgaria;
  • is not placed for care outside the family

and that the mother (adoptive mother):

  • resides permanently in Bulgaria;
  • is a full-time and regular student in higher education in accordance with the Higher Education Act;
  • is not insured and does not receive benefits for pregnancy, childbirth and raising a child.

The benefit is paid in two instalments, 50% after the order granting it enters into force, and the remaining 50% following the submission of a certificate of registration for the next semester or of completion of higher education, but not later than the child’s first year of age.

The benefit must be refunded if, before reaching the age of two, the child is placed for care outside the family because of culpable behaviour of the parent or of the person caring for the child.

One-off benefits for school pupils are provided after the child enrols in first grade. You must apply for these benefits no later than 15 October of the current school year. If your child cannot begin school for health reasons, this period is extended for 6 months from the beginning of the school year.

The benefit is provided in kind in the following cases: the parents or the persons receiving the family allowance do not take care of their child/children; the family allowance is not used for the intended purpose for the child/children; the parents or the persons receiving the family allowance do not fulfil the obligation under the Child Protection Act.

With regard to the one-off allowance for free railway and bus transport in Bulgaria to mothers of multiple children expenses for bus travel are paid on the basis of an application declaration submitted within 1 month of the travel. The application must be accompanied by the travel tickets and a copy of the certificate in which the carrier has recorded the completed journey.

Upon the adoption of a child by spouses, the benefit can be claimed by only one of them. The benefit must be refunded if, before the expiry of two years from the adoption, this is terminated or the child is placed for care outside the family because of culpable behaviour of the adoptive parent.

What am I entitled to and how can I claim?

One-off benefits for pregnancy

For 2018, these benefits were set at BGN 150. They are payable for a period of 45 days before the expected date of birth. In order to receive these benefits, you must submit an application together with the required documents to the Social Assistance Department covering the mother's permanent address. You will receive the amount during the next month.

One-off benefit upon childbirth

The amount of the benefit in 2018 is BGN 250 for the first child, BGN 600 for the second child, BGN 300 for the third child and BGN 200 for forth and each subsequent child. When determining the order of children, only children to whom you have given birth and who are born alive will be taken into account. Benefits are only payable provided the child is not placed for care outside the family in accordance with the Child Protection Act.

If you give birth to twins, the benefit amounts to BGN 600 for each child.

The amount of the one-off benefit for raising twins is BGN 1,200 for each child-twin for 2018.

The amount of the one-off benefit for caring for a child by a mother (adoptive mother) who is a full-time university student is BGN 2,880. The benefit is paid in two instalments, 50% after the order granting it enters into force, and the remaining 50% following the submission of a certificate of registration for the next semester or of completion of higher education, but not later than the child’s first year of age. In order to receive this benefit you must submit a declaration together with the required documents to the Social Assistance Department covering the mother's permanent address.

One-off benefits for pupils enrolled in first grade

When your child starts school, you are entitled to a one-off benefit. The amount of the benefit for the academic year 2017-2018 is BGN 250. It is paid during the month following the month the application is submitted. The application declaration must be submitted to the Social Assistance Department covering the mother's permanent address together with the other required documents or the present address of the parents in case of parents living together without being married.

One-off allowance for free railway and bus transport in Bulgaria to mothers of multiple children

Expenses for bus travel are paid on the basis of an application declaration submitted within 1 month of the travel. The application must be accompanied by the travel tickets and a copy of the certificate in which the carrier has recorded the completed journey.

The amount of the one-off benefit upon adoption of a child is BGN 250 for 2018. The amount of the benefit cannot be higher than the amount of the one-off benefit upon childbirth for a first child. Upon the adoption of a child by spouses, the benefit can be claimed by only one of them.

Jargon busters

  • Income per family member. This is defined on the basis of the average income of the family for the past 12 months and is divided by the number of family members. This includes all gross family income, pensions, allowances, benefits and grants. It does not include aid allowance under the Social Insurance Code, scholarships of students until graduation from high school, but not after the age of 20, as well as allowances and funds received under this act and under the Child Protection Act. Maintenance allowances are also not included in average income, nor are property received as inheritance, a bequest or a gift. Family members are defined as: spouses, parents living together without being married, parents and their underage children as well as children of legal age, who continue their studies, until graduation from high school, but not after the age of 20 (born, adopted and stepchildren, except those who have married.
  • Mothers of multiple children - those who have given birth, or have adopted, and raised three or more children above the age of one.

Forms you may need to fill in

Know your rights

The laws and web pages of the institutions which determine your rights can be found by following the links below. These are not European Commission pages and do not represent the opinion of the Commission:

European Commission publications:

Who do you need to contact?

Social Assistance Departments

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