Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion

Belgium - Family benefits

In what situation can I claim?

Almost every child who lives in Belgium is entitled to family benefits until his or her 18th birthday.

What conditions do I need to meet?

You are entitled to family benefits if you are an employee, a public sector official or self-employed, or if you are unemployed, disabled or a pensioner.

For the self-employed, the regime is harmonised with that for employees starting from 1 July 2014.

Family benefits are granted until 31 August in the calendar year during which the child reaches the age of 18. After age 18 and up to age 25 the child must either be undertaking a course of study or be in training. In addition, the child must reside in Belgium, in a member country of the EEA or in a country with which Belgium has concluded a social security agreement. Otherwise, legislation provides for general or individual ministerial dispensations.

Furthermore, there has to be a family relationship (or equivalent, such as a placement, a refugee child, etc.) between the recipient and the child beneficiary. If not, legislation provides for general or individual dispensations.

What am I entitled to and how can I claim?

For employees, public sector officials and the self-employed, family allowances include:

  • family benefits;
  • the age-related supplementary allowance;
  • the birth grant - the adoption grant;
  • the annual supplement awarded in August at the start of the new school year.

For unemployed persons, disabled employees (after 6 months) and pensioners, these allowances are means-tested against the income of the household in which the children are brought up.

There is also provision for a supplement for a disabled child up to age 21 and an orphan’s allowance.

Apart from the age supplement and the annual supplement, beneficiaries of family benefits under the general scheme receive the supplement provided for a child of a person unemployed for more than six months.

  • For this scheme, family benefits must be applied for from the family benefits fund to which the employer or the last employer (before the unemployment or illness) of the worker is affiliated, or in most cases from the FAMIFED;
  • For the self-employed scheme, the application must be sent to the body of free family benefits fund which belongs to the same office as that which includes the social insurance fund to which the worker is affiliated.

The amounts of family benefits are as follows:

Basic benefits

Flanders

Wallonia and Brussels

1st child

€ 92.09

€ 93.93

2nd child

€ 170.39

€ 173.80

3rd child

€ 254.40

€ 259.49

Family benefit for an orphan child: € 353.76 (Flanders) and € 360.83 (Wallonia and Brussels) per child

The age supplements for the first child at the ordinary rate not benefiting from a social supplement and not affected by a condition

Flanders

Wallonia and Brussels

Children from 6 to 11 years

€ 16.04

€ 16.36

Children from 12 to 17 years

€ 24.43

€ 24.92

Children from 18 to 24 years

€ 28.16

€ 28.72

The age supplements for the other children

Flanders

Wallonia and Brussels

Children from 6 to 11 years

€ 31.99

€ 32.63

Children from 12 to 17 years

€ 48.88

€ 49.86

Children 18 from to 24 years

€ 62.15

€ 63.40

The supplements for children of people unemployed over the previous 6 months, of single parents and pensioners:

Flanders

Wallonia and Brussels

First child

€ 46.88

€ 47.81

Second child

€ 29.06

€ 29.64

Third child and each additional child

€ 5.10

€ 5.20

From the 3rd child of a single parent

€ 23.43

€ 23.90

The supplements for the children of workers with disabilities are identical to those shown in the table above, except for the first child for which the supplement is € 100.86 (in Flanders) and € 102.88 (in other regions).

  • For the guaranteed family benefits scheme, the application should be addressed to the Federal Agency for family benefits (FAMIFED) and the amounts are as follows.

 Amount of guaranteed family benefits in Flanders:

Under age 6

From 6 to 11 years

From 12 to 18 years

Over 18

1st child

€ 138.97

€ 170.96

€ 187.85

€ 201.12

2nd child

€ 199.45

€ 231.44

€ 248.33

€ 261.60

From the 3rd child

€ 259.50

€ 291.49

€ 308.38

€ 321.65

From the 3rd child in a single-parent family

€ 277.83

€ 309.82

€ 326.71

€ 339.98

Amount of guaranteed family benefits in Wallonia and Brussels

Under age 6

From 6 to 11 years

From 12 to 18 years

Over 18

1st child

€ 141.74

€ 174.37

€ 191.60

€ 205.14

2nd child

€ 203.44

€ 236.07

€ 253.30

€ 266.84

From the 3rd child

€ 264.69

€ 297.32

€ 314.55

€ 328.09

From the 3rd child in a single-parent family

€ 283.39

€ 316.02

€ 333.25

€ 346.79

  • The birth grant under the 2 schemes amounts to:
  • In Flanders:

First birth

€ 1,247.58

Second birth

€ 938.66

Each of the children resulting from a multiple birth

€ 1,247.58

  • In Wallonia and Brussels:

First birth

€ 1,272.58

Second birth

€ 957.42

Each of the children resulting from a multiple birth

€ 1,272.52

The adoption grant per adopted child amounts to: € 1,247.58 in Flanders and € 1,272.52 in Wallonia and Brussels.

Jargon busters

  • FAMIFED: Federal agency for family allowances. The social security body responsible for the organisation of the family benefit arrangements.

Forms you may need to fill in

All the forms for the Federal agency for family benefits for employees can be downloaded from the site : http://famifed.be/home

Know your rights

The links below allow you to find out more about your rights. These sites are not dependent upon the European Commission and so do not represent the viewpoints of the latter:

Commission publication and websites:

Whom do I contact?

The FAMIFED web page to contact

your family benefits fund : http://www.famifed.be/home.

In the event of any problems with your rights as a European citizen: EU helpdesks.

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