Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion

Developing skills

Skills development is a lifelong process. The skills, competences, and qualifications that people need change over time and must be developed in line with the evolving needs of the labour market.

People need to be equipped with a variety of basic skills (including literacy, numeracy, foreign languages and digital skills) and equally higher and more relevant skills as the needs of the labour market evolve.

Transversal skills, such as the ability to learn and take initiative, to work with others and solve problems, will help people deal with today's varied and unpredictable career paths.

The development of entrepreneurial skills, knowledge and attitudes will help contribute to employability, support new business creation and benefit individuals and society on the whole. The Commission has developed a definition of entrepreneurship as a competence and a reference framework describing it, the Entrepreneurship Competence Framework (EntreComp).

Digital technology is transforming almost every aspect of our public, private or work life. For every individual - employees, learners, and citizens - this technological innovation creates a demand for new and evolving digital skills.  The Commission has developed a reference framework for digital skills, Digicomp, which describes 21 competences that citizens and policy-makers can use as tools to improve digital competence.

Further EU initiatives on skills development:

Key Competences for Lifelong Learning

A recommendation on key competences for lifelong learning stimulates EU countries to develop the provision of key competences for all as part of their lifelong learning strategies

Competence Frameworks for citizens

The EU Digital Competence Framework (DigComp) and the EU Entrepreneurship Competence Framework (Entrecomp) are common reference tools that can be used as a basis for an online self-assessment test, which allows people to measure their digital competence or entrepreneurial skills and identify gaps in their knowledge, skills and attitudes. It has been developed in close collaboration with various stakeholders from education & training, employment and social partners.

Grand Coalition for Digital Jobs

The Grand Coalition for Digital Jobs is a multi-stakeholder partnership to tackle the lack of ICT skills and the thousands of unfilled ICT-related vacancies;

European Alliance for Apprenticeships

The European Alliance for Apprenticeships (EAfA) is a unique platform which brings together governments with other key stakeholders, to strengthen the quality, supply and image of apprenticeships in Europe.

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