Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion


The European Alliance for Apprenticeships is a multi-stakeholder initiative steered by the European Commission. The originator of the pledge is solely responsible for implementing the actions outlined in the pledge.

Author:Public Employment Service of Catalonia (SERVEI PÚBLIC D’OCUPACIÓ DE CATALUNYA)
Start Year:2018

Miquel Carrión Molina. Responsible of technical support to the Active Labour Market Policies Unit


Types of organisation:Regional and local authorities

SOC is providing four main types of work-based learning including apprenticeships:

·         VET apprenticeships. At the final period of a VET qualification there is usually a company-based training phase. This practical training is compulsory if the qualification is related to the National Qualification Framework. The duration of this apprenticeship is between 30 and 120 hours, depending on the qualification.


·         Apprenticeship programs as an active labour market policy. These apprenticeships can be undertaken by young people (under the age of 25) who have obtained some qualification (Higher Education, VET, etc.) and have no previous labour market experience. In this case there is some grant, but it is not recognised as a labour agreement. The duration of these types of apprenticeships can be between 3 and 9 months.


·         Active Labour Market policies (addressed to increase employability) that could include apprenticeship periods (mixed or not with other labour services) in many different and heterogeneous types. This type is different from the second one; for example it could be possible to offer an apprenticeship to people aged 25+.


·         Dual VET. Company-based training that complements VET centre-based education (currently as a pilot project).


The main areas of action of the pledge on apprenticeships are:


To improve the knowledge and assessment of apprenticeship and work-based learning programs. Since 2012 SOC is using, in collaboration with the Chamber of Commerce of Catalonia, a program that allows VET providers and enterprises to better manage apprenticeships. The tracking of apprenticeships as well as their assessment is a key step in order to improve the quality of this training and make it more attractive.


To foster the relationship with other partners related to apprenticeships.


To foster and generate innovation of the dual VET system. We want the enterprises to become "training agents" (through apprenticeships), so we are looking for more flexible methods in order to allow their participation in the VET system. The accreditation of their facilities and trainers/instructors should be done in a different way than for VET centers.


To better know the employers' needs in order to update the VET offer and improve apprenticeships.

Short company / organisation description:

The Public Employment Service of Catalonia (SOC) is an autonomous organization depending on the Generalitat de Catalunya. SOC is in charge of employment policies, including VET programs, and its main goals are promoting decent jobs, fighting unemployment and fostering employability.


In order to achieve these goals the law 13/2015 was recently approved. On the one hand, this norm sets out the employment system of Catalonia: entities, services and programs needed to develop employment policies; and, on the other hand, this norm also regulates the SOC institution, which is precisely the body that manages and integrates this set of occupational programs and services.


SOC is composed of two governing bodies: the Direction of the SOC and its organization, that are responsible for managing the institution and its goals; and the Board Council, that has a more strategic mission and is composed of members of the Generalitat de Catalunya, representatives of the local entities, trade unions and business organizations.


SOC has some specific tasks and activities that are very relevant with reference to apprenticeships: counselling services, VET programs, setting out active labour market policies (including apprenticeship programs), mobility programs, as well as supporting and advising enterprises. Moreover, SOC also deals with Youth Guarantee programs and other VET initiatives that give a main role to work-based learning.

Area of action: Supply
Area of action: Quality
Area of action: Image
Area of action: Mobility

The initiative will involve VET providers, enterprises, social partners, such as trade unions and business organisations, and local governments and institutions.

Share this page