Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion

EU disability card

To help people with disabilities travel more easily between EU countries, the EU is developing a voluntary system of mutual recognition of disability status and some associated benefits based on an EU disability card.

Currently, there is no mutual recognition of disability status between EU Member States, leading to difficulties for people with disabilities, as their national disability cards might not be recognised in other Member States.

The EU disability card ensures equal access to benefits across borders for people with disabilities, mainly in the areas of culture, leisure, sport and transport. The card is mutually recognised between EU countries participating in the system, on a voluntary basis.

Pilot countries

A pilot of the card was launched in February 2016 in a group of eight EU countries:

The card does not change national eligibility criteria or rules. Member States retain their discretion to decide who is eligible to receive the Card, using the national definition of disability, and to determine the issuing procedure.

Assessment

In 2019-2020, the European Commission assessed the pilot project. The assessment study confirmed the EU added value of the card. It enables the mutual recognition of disability status across Member States, which would not have been feasible without EU level intervention. The study also concluded that the implementation costs per Cardholder are low. For service providers, the benefits clearly outweigh the costs of participating. Moreover, the Card addresses the key needs of persons with disabilities in the sectors in scope and there is a growing demand for the Card by persons with disabilities.

The assessment study was published online in 2021.

Follow-up

The new Strategy for the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2021-2030 announced a follow-up to the initiative.

Flagship initiative: The Commission will propose creating a European Disability Card by end of 2023 with a view to be recognised in all Member States. It will build on the experience of the ongoing EU Disability Card pilot project in eight Member States and upon the European parking card for persons with disabilities.

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