In what situation can I claim?
The laws of the EU or EEA Member State in which you work and/or live are the ones that apply to you in relation to the social security system.
If you have lived, worked and/or paid contributions to the social security system of another EU or EEA country and you now live and/or work in Romania, the periods for which you contributed in the other country can be taken into account when the social benefits to which you are entitled in Romania are calculated.
What conditions do I need to meet?
Contributions paid in another EU or EEA country can be counted for the purposes of the following social benefits in Romania:
- sickness benefits;
- maternity benefits;
- unemployment benefits;
- family benefits (child allowances, child-raising allowances);
- disability benefits;
- accidents at work and occupational diseases;
- pensions (for old-age and survivors).
Contributions paid in another country are not taken into account for the purposes of granting social aid, which is determined on the basis of the applicant's income.
What am I entitled to and how can I claim?
When you apply for social benefits in Romania on the basis of contributions in another EU or EEA country, the Romanian authorities must communicate with the institutions of the country concerned. The way in which contributions are taken into account in Romania is laid down by the regulations on the coordination of EU social security systems.
Depending on the nature of your application, the Romanian authorities will request certain documents proving your contribution to the social security system of the other country.
More information about the documents you may need and the way in which contributions in another country are taken into account in Romania is available in the Guide to EU Provisions on Social Security.
- European Economic Area (EEA): includes all EU countries and Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein, which signed the Agreement creating the EEA. This Agreement entered into force on 1 January 1994.
Know your rights
More information about your rights with regard to the way in which contributions in another country are taken into account in Romania is available online:
- Guide to EU provisions on social security - Your rights when you move around the European Union
- Practical guide to the laws applicable to workers in the EU, EEA and Switzerland
- Relevant European and national legislation
Publications and websites of the European Commission:
- European regulations on the coordination of social security systems
- Information for workers and pensioners
- Information about health benefits for EU citizens
Who do you need to contact?
You can contact the National Health Insurance Authority for current legislation and other general information, and county health insurance authorities to apply for benefits.
You can contact the National State Pension Authority for current legislation, and local pension authorities for pension-related requests.
You can contact the National Employment Agency for general information and vacancies, and county authorities to apply for unemployment benefit.
Agenția Națională pentru Plăți și Inspecție Socială
Bd. Gheorghe Magheru nr.7, sector 1
Tel: +40 213136047