Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion

Italy - Family benefits

This chapter  deals with family benefits:

  • The Single and Universal Allowance for Children (Assegno Unico e Universale per i Figli), which guarantees support for all family units with children, is granted from the 7th month of pregnancy till the child is 21.   Its amount  may vary based on the family unit’s means as assessed through the ISEE, which also takes into account the number and age of dependent family members and disabled children, if any. . It is paid by  the INPS.
  • Kindergarten Voucher (Bonus asilo nido).

In what situation can I claim?

Dependent on certain conditions, you are entitled to the Single and Universal Allowance for Children if you have children.

Children over 18 of age can submit their own claim.

Family in receipt of the Guaranteed Minimum Income (Reddito di cittadinanza) are granted the Single and universal Allowance for children without having to submit the relevant claim.

Your household may consist of:

  • your spouse or your partner in civil union,  but if you are legally and effectively separated, only one claim can be submitted by either one of you;
  • your children and those equivalent to such from the mother’s 7th month of pregnancy up to the age of 21  without limit if disabled;
  • your grandchildren, till the age of 21, if you are a direct ascendant (grandfather or grandmother).

Kindergarten Voucher: not granted to mothers who are exempted from the payment of public nursery services; other forms of home care-assistance are provided in case of disabled children.

What conditions do I need to meet?

The new Single and Universal Allowance for Children is defined as universal, i.e. a minimum amount is granted to every family unit even if no ISEE has been submitted or in case the ISEE value exceeds €40,000 per year.

Recipients of the Single and Universal Allowance for Children are:

  • your children (including adoptive children), resident either in Italy or another EU country or a third country with whom a social security or reciprocity agreement has been signed including family benefits in its material scope;
  • third-country nationals’ children who have been residing on the Italian territory for at least 2 years, even if not on an ongoing basis, but with an open-ended visa for permanent stay. In addition, their parents must have been employed in Italy on an open-ended or fixed-term contract for a minimum period of six months, on condition that the claiming parent is subject to the income tax under the Italian legislation;
  • your grandchildren (up to the age of 21 and no age limit, if disabled);
  • children aged 18-21 upon condition that they are: 
  • attending either a school, academic course or professional training;
  • earning an annual income lower than €8,000 in relation to either a traineeship or a gainful activity;
  • - registered as unemployed at a job centre and actively searching for a job;
  • volunteering for the social services (so called, servizio civile universale);
  • No age limit in case of a disabled child

Tax deductions

They can be applied only in relation to dependent children between 21 and 24 years if the children’s personal gross income is not higher than €4.000 per year. After the age of 24, they continue to be applied if the children’s personal gross income is not higher than €2,840.51 per year.

Kindergarten Voucher, means-tested and granted upon submission of the household ISEE.

What am I entitled to and how can I claim?

The monthly amount of the Single and Universal Allowance for Children may vary from a maximum of €175 (if your family unit’s ISEE value is up to €15.000) to a minimum of €50 (granted regardless of ISEE submission). It also depends on the number of children and on family composition, namely it varies:

  • from €175 to €50 with 1 child;
  • from €350 to €100 with 2 children;
  • from €610 to €165 with 3 children;
  • from €970 to €430 with 4 children or more;
  • €50 per child: if no ISEE has been submitted or in case the ISEE value exceeds €40,000 per year.

The benefit can be increased in relation to minor disabled children by an amount varying from €105 to €85 based on the gravity of the child impairment. In relation to disabled children aged 18 to 21, the benefit is increased by €50 while no increase is provided as they turn 21.

The amount of the benefit is increased by €20 per child if the mother is 21 of age or below.

It is also increased by a one-off extra amount, varying from €30 to null based on the ISEE value, when granted to family units where both parents are in employment.

Kindergarten Voucher: annual amount of EUR 3,000 granted to families with an ISEE value of EUR 25,000; EUR 2,500 granted to families with an ISEE value between EUR 25,001 up to EUR 40,000; EUR 1,500 granted to families with an ISEE value higher than EUR 40,000 (the benefit is not granted to families who are exempted from the payment of public nursery services).

Alternative forms of home care-assistance for an annual amount of EUR 3,000 are granted to families with children under 3 years of age and an ISEE value of EUR 25,000 upon submission of the relevant certification assessing that the child cannot attend nurseries because of a serious chronic illness.

Jargon busters

  • INPS: National Institute for Social Security.
  • Employee organisation and tax assistance centres (Patronati, CAF): authorised centres that assist the user with compiling and electronically submitting a benefit claim (this assistance is totally free of charge).
  • ISEE: equivalent economic situation indicator (allows for assessment of families' economic circumstances and takes into account income, assets and composition of the household).
  • Single and Universal Allowance for Children (Assegno Unico e Universale per i Figli): income support to raise children for all family units.
  • Maternity leave: period of obligatory absence from work granted to the worker during pregnancy and post-natal recovery.
  • Kindergarten Voucher: granted to help meeting the expenses of child-raising
  • ISTAT: Institute for National Statistics.

Forms you may need to fill in

You may submit your claim through the INPS website here.

The Employee organisations offer free assistance.

Know your rights

Further information is available on both the Ministry of Labour and Social Policies website

and on the INPS website.

See below for links to European Commission publications on social security coordination:

Who do you need to contact?

National Social Security Institute (INPS)
Via Ciro il Grande 21
00144 Roma RM ITALY
Tel. +39 06803164 (normal operator rates apply)
Multi-channel Contact Centre - Toll-free number: +803.164 (free of charge) Website: http://www.inps.it

Official websites of Professionals’ Pension Funds

Employee organisations and tax assistance centres (Patronati, CAF)

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