Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion

Hungary - Family benefits

In what situation can I claim?

Family allowance (Családi pótlék)

This is a monthly allowance for raising and education expenses for children in a family. The beneficiary can be the biological parent, the spouse of the biological parent, the adoptive parent, the foster parent, the guardian, or any other person with whom a child has been temporarily placed.

Child care allowance (Gyermekgondozást segítő ellátás)

Child care allowance is payable to the parent, the spouse of the parent, the adoptive parent or the guardian of a child raised under his or her roof until the age of 3 or, in the case of twins, until the end of the first year of compulsory schooling or in the case of a chronically ill or seriously disabled child, until the age of 10.

Child raising support (Gyermeknevelési támogatás)

This support is paid to the parent, the spouse of the parent, the adoptive parent or guardian who is raising three or more minor children in his or her household.

Child care fee (Gyermekgondozási díj)

The parent considered as entitled under the health insurance scheme - either the mother or the father - may be entitled to a child care fee until the child has reached the age of 2.

What conditions do I need to meet?

Family allowance (Családi pótlék)

The beneficiary can apply for this allowance for raising expenses from the birth of the child up to the compulsory schooling age (usually 0-18 years), then for secondary school education or vocational training up to 20 years of age (up to 23 years in the case of special educational needs, or without age limit in the case of a seriously disabled person without regular income). In the case of a certain number of unjustified absences of the child from school or nursery-school, the benefit has to be suspended. Students in higher education are not eligible. A child living temporarily outside the family to study, in Hungary or abroad, or for the purposes of medical treatment, is also treated as if living at home.

Child care allowance (Gyermekgondozást segítő ellátás)

Child home care allowance is payable to the parent, the spouse of the parent, the adoptive parent or the guardian of a child raised under his or her roof until the age of 3 or, in the case of twins, until the end of the first year of compulsory schooling or in the case of a chronically ill or seriously disabled child, until the age of 10. The benefit can be paid to a grandparent if the child is at least 1 year old and is being raised and looked after in the parents’ house with the parents’ written consent. A parent receiving child home care allowance cannot engage in paid employment until the child is six months old: when the child is above the age of six months, the parent can engage in paid employment. The grandparent cannot pursue a gainful activity before the child reaches 3 years of age; when the child is above 3 years, the beneficiary can pursue a gainful activity of no more than 30 hours a week, or without time restriction at home.

Child raising support (Gyermeknevelési támogatás)

This is payable from the date when the youngest child reaches the age of 3 until that child reaches the age of 8. The person receiving child raising support can engage in paid employment for a maximum of 30 hours a week or longer if working at home. A child home care allowance and child raising support cannot be drawn together.

Child care fee (Gyermekgondozási díj)

The parent considered as entitled under the health insurance scheme - either the mother or the father - may be entitled to a child care fee until the child has reached the age of 2. This benefit is paid to one of the parents after expiry of the pregnancy confinement benefit period or after a period of the same length. The parent has to be insured, and needs at least 365 days of insurance during the last 2 years before delivery. Mothers who - in the absence of a gainful activity - would not be entitled to a child care fee, but who have completed at least 2 active semesters in higher education are entitled to a child care fee until the child reaches 1 year of age.

This benefit is not paid when:

  • the beneficiary is engaged in any sort of gainful employment - before the child reaches the age of six months - except for remuneration for services covered by royalty rights - or is practising a paid activity requiring an official permit;
  • the beneficiary is being paid his/her full salary while on leave (if only part of the salary is being paid, the child care bonus corresponds to the remainder);
  • the beneficiary is receiving other regular cash benefits (e.g. sickness benefit, invalidity or old-age pension) under Law III of 1993 on the administration of the social security system and the benefits provided;
  • the beneficiary cannot look after the child under his/her own roof and the child has been temporarily placed in foster care or placed provisionally or for a longer period in an educational institution or placed in a social institution for more than 30 days;
  • the child of the beneficiary has been placed in a day-care facility except when the parent is pursuing a gainful activity and the child is above six months of age (integration or re-integration institutions not included);
  • the beneficiary is in custody or detention or is in prison.

What am I entitled to and how can I claim?

Family allowance (Családi pótlék)

In 2018, family allowance is (per month):

  • for a family with 1 child, HUF 12,200;
  • for a single-parent family with 1 child, HUF 13,700;
  • for a family with 2 children, HUF 13,300 per child;
  • for a single-parent family with 2 children, HUF 14,800 per child;
  • for a family with 3 children or more, HUF 16,000 per child;
  • for a single-parent family with 3 children or more, HUF 17,000 per child;
  • for a family with a chronically ill or seriously disabled child, HUF 23,300;
  • for a single-parent family with a chronically ill or seriously disabled child, HUF 25,900.

The allowance is due and paid for the whole month, regardless of the date of application and the date of cessation of the benefits.

Child care allowance (Gyermekgondozást segítő ellátás)

The monthly child home care allowance is equal to the minimum old-age pension (HUF 28,500 gross in 2018), regardless of the number of children; except for twins, where the amount is multiplied according to the number of children; for fractions of a month, the allowance is calculated in thirtieths of the monthly amount.

Child raising support (Gyermeknevelési támogatás)

The child raising support is equal to the minimum old-age pension (HUF 28,500 gross in 2018), regardless of the number of children; for fractions of a month, the allowance is calculated in thirtieths of the monthly amount.

Child care fee (Gyermekgondozási díj)

The child care fee amounts to 70% of the daily average gross earnings of the previous year, with a ceiling of 70% of the double of the minimum wage. For those who are eligible because of their higher education studies, the child care fee amounts to 70% of the minimum wage, (HUF 138,000 in 2018), or in the case of BA or PhD studies, 70% of the guaranteed wage minimum (HUF 180,500 in 2018).

Forms you may need to fill in

The forms - with the exception of child care fee - are available at: https://cst.tcs.allamkincstar.gov.hu/nyomtatv%c3%a1nyok.html

In the case of child care fee, the form is available at: https://egbiztpenzbeli.tcs.allamkincstar.gov.hu/ell%c3%a1t%c3%a1sok/gyermekv%c3%a1llal%c3%a1s-t%c3%a1mogat%c3%a1sa/gyermekgondoz%c3%a1si-d%c3%adj.html

Know your rights

European Commission publication and website:

Who do you need to contact?

Hungarian State Treasury
Budapest
Hold u. 4. 1081 MAGYARORSZÁG/HUNGARY
https://cst.tcs.allamkincstar.gov.hu/

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