Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion

Bulgaria - Family child benefits

Here you will find information on family allowances.

The following are described:

  • monthly allowances for raising a child until graduation from high school, but not after the age of 20 (месечни помощи за отглеждане на дете до завършване на средно образование, но не повече от 20-годишна възраст);
  • monthly allowances for raising children under the age of one (месечни помощи за отглеждане на дете до навършване на една година);
  • monthly allowances for raising a child with a permanent disability (месечни добавки за отглеждане на дете с трайно увреждане).

In what situation can I claim?

Family allowances are designed to help cover costs for parents and families in connection with childbirth and childcare.

Benefits are provided in cash or in kind in the form of goods or services.

They are provided on a one-off or monthly basis.

Parents can also apply before the child reaches the age of 1 year if no maternity benefit has been provided and if they have a low income.

Monthly allowances for raising a child until graduation from high school, but not after the age of 20, are income-tested and represent the most common type of family allowances.

The following persons are entitled to a monthly allowance for permanently disabled children below 18 years of age and prior to finishing secondary school, but not later than reaching the age of 20: families with dependent children who are permanently disabled.

What conditions do I need to meet?

Monthly allowance for raising a child until graduation from high school, but not after the age of 20, are provided to families whose income does not exceed BGN 400. When the income  is between BGN 400.01 and 500, the amount of the allowance is reduced to  80% . They are provided for children under 20 years of age until they complete secondary education. Entitlement to these benefits is subject to the following conditions:

  • the child is not placed for care outside the family in accordance with the Child Protection Act;
  • the child regularly attends a preparatory group in a kindergarten or a preparatory group in a compulsory pre-school training school unless this is impossible due to the condition of the child's health;
  • the child must regularly attend school unless this is impossible due to the condition of the child's health;
  • the child resides permanently in Bulgaria;
  • the child has all required immunisations and prophylactic controls according to their age and health.

The allowance is provided in kind in all cases when the mother is below the age of 18 years. The allowance is also provided in kind in the following cases:

  • the parents or the persons entitled to the family allowance do not take care of their child/children;
  • the family allowance is not used for the intended purpose for the child/children;
  • the parents or the persons receiving the family allowance do not fulfil the obligation under the Child Protection Act.

Mothers (including adoptive mother) who do not receive maternity benefits due to non-compliance with these conditions receive the monthly allowance for raising child under one year of age.

Monthly allowance for raising a child under one year of age are provided on the basis of the income of a family member. To be entitled to such benefits, the income of each family member must be equal to or less than BGN  450. The child must live permanently in the country (as well as the mother or adoptive mother) and not to be placed for care outside the family in accordance with the Child Protection Act.

The allowance is provided in kind in all cases when the mother to whom it is provided, has not reached the age of 18 years. The allowance is also provided in kind in the following cases: the parents or the persons receiving the family allowance do not take care of their child/children; the family allowance is not used for the intended purpose for the child/children; the parents or the persons receiving the family allowance do not fulfil the obligation under the Child Protection Act.

Parents who wish to claim these benefits must submit an application. An identity document must be presented when submitting the application.

What am I entitled to and how can I claim?

Every year in the state budget, monthly child-raising allowances are set up until the end of high school, but in maximum until the age of 20. From 2017, the amount of the allowance is determined by the number of children in the family. In 2019, the amount  for a family with an income up to BGN 400 is:

Number of children in the family

1

2

3

4

For each child above 4

Amount (BGN)

40

90

135

145

20

The amount of the monthly child-raising allowance for families with an average monthly income per family member for the preceding 12 months ranging from BGN 400.01 to BGN 500 is reduced to 80%. In the case of multiple births, the compensation for each twin child is BGN 75. The amount of the allowance for children with disabilities is BGN 100 and is granted regardless of family income. In order to receive this benefit, you must complete a declaration and send it to the Social Assistance section, indicating the present mother's address together with the other necessary documents (excluding families where the parents live together without being married).

The amount of the monthly allowance for raising children under the age of one for parents who are not entitled to maternity benefits is BGN 100 for 2019. The application/declaration and the required documents must be submitted to the Social Assistance Department covering the mother's address.

The monthly allowance for permanently disabled children is provided regardless of the income of the family. Its amount depends on the degree of disability: over 90% - BGN 930; from 71% to 90%, BGN 450 and from 50% to 70.99%. BGN 350 per month for 2018. You must complete a declaration and submit it to the Social Assistance Department covering the mother's permanent address together with the other required documents.

Monthly allowance for a child with no right to a survivor's pension from a deceased parent. The allowance is provided to the other parent or custodian who looks after the child and lives permanently in the country. As of 2019, the amount is BGN 115. The allowance is granted under the conditions that the child:

1. does not receive a survivor's pension;

2. is not placed in a foster family;

3. regularly attends preparatory groups in kindergartens or preparatory groups in schools for compulsory preschool education of children, unless this is impossible due to their health status;

4. Up to the completion of secondary education, but in maximum until 20, regularly attending school, unless this is impossible due to their health status;

5. all compulsory immunizations and preventive examinations have been made in accordance with age and health condition;

6. lives permanently in the country.

Jargon busters

  • Individual residing permanently in this country - an individual who resides in the territory of the country for over 183 days within 12 months.
  • Child with a permanent disability - a child aged up to 16 with a degree of disability of 50% or more or a child aged between 16 and 20 with a degree of permanently reduced working capacity of 50% or more.

Forms you may need to fill in

Know your rights

The laws and web pages of the institutions that determine your rights can be found by following the links below. These are not European Commission pages and do not represent the opinion of the Commission:

European Commission publications:

Who do you need to contact?

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