Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion

Bulgaria - Family child benefits

Here you will find information on family allowances.

The following are described:

  • monthly allowances for raising a child until graduation from high school, but not after the age of 20 (месечни помощи за отглеждане на дете до завършване на средно образование, но не повече от 20-годишна възраст);
  • monthly allowances for raising children under the age of one (месечни помощи за отглеждане на дете до навършване на една година);
  • monthly allowances for raising a child with a permanent disability (месечни добавки за отглеждане на дете с трайно увреждане).

In what situation can I claim?

Family allowances are designed to help cover costs for parents and families in connection with childbirth and childcare.

Benefits are provided in cash or in kind in the form of goods or services.

They are provided on a one-off or monthly basis.

Parents can also apply before the child reaches the age of 1 year if no maternity benefit has been provided and if they have a low income.

Monthly allowances for raising a child until graduation from high school, but not after the age of 20, are income-tested and represent the most common type of family allowances.

The following persons are entitled to a monthly allowance for permanently disabled children below 18 years of age and prior to finishing secondary school, but not later than reaching the age of 20: families with dependent children who are permanently disabled.

What conditions do I need to meet?

Monthly allowances for raising a child until graduation from high school, but not after the age of 20, are provided to families whose income does not exceed BGN 400. They are provided for children under 20 years of age until they complete secondary education. Entitlement to these benefits is subject to the following conditions:

  • the child is not placed for care outside the family in accordance with the Child Protection Act;
  • the child regularly attends a preparatory group in a kindergarten or a preparatory group in a compulsory pre-school training school unless this is impossible due to the condition of the child's health;
  • the child must regularly attend school unless this is impossible due to the condition of the child's health;
  • the child resides permanently in Bulgaria;
  • the child has all required immunisations and prophylactic controls according to their age and health.

The allowance is provided in kind in all cases when the mother is below the age of 18 years. The allowance is also provided in kind in the following cases:

  • the parents or the persons entitled to the family allowance do not take care of their child/children;
  • the family allowance is not used for the intended purpose for the child/children;
  • the parents or the persons receiving the family allowance do not fulfil the obligation under the Child Protection Act.

Mothers (including adoptive mother) who do not receive maternity benefits due to non-compliance with these conditions receive the monthly allowance for raising child under one year of age.

Monthly allowances for raising a child under one year of age are provided on the basis of the income of a family member. To be entitled to such benefits, the income of each family member must be equal to or less than BGN 400. The child must live permanently in the country (as well as the mother or adoptive mother) and not to be placed for care outside the family in accordance with the Child Protection Act.

The allowance is provided in kind in all cases when the mother to whom it is provided, has not reached the age of 18 years. The allowance is also provided in kind in the following cases: the parents or the persons receiving the family allowance do not take care of their child/children; the family allowance is not used for the intended purpose for the child/children; the parents or the persons receiving the family allowance do not fulfil the obligation under the Child Protection Act.

Parents who wish to claim these benefits must submit an application containing a copy of the birth certificate of the children or a certificate of family status as husband/wife and children issued by the municipal administration. An identity document must be presented when submitting the application.

What am I entitled to and how can I claim?

Monthly allowances for raising a child until graduation from high school, but not after the age of 20, are determined every year in the state budget. Since 2016 the amount of the allowance will be determined by the number of children in the family. The amount for 2017 for family with one child: BGN 37, for family with two children: BGN 85, for family with three children: BGN 130 and for family with four children – BGN 140 per month. The amount of the allowance increases by BGN 20 for each subsequent child in the family. In case of multiple birth, the benefit for each child twin amounts to BGN 75. The amount of the benefit for children with disabilities is BGN 100 and is granted regardless of the family income. In order to receive this benefit, you must complete a declaration and submit it to the Social Assistance Department covering the mother's permanent address together with the other required documents (except families where parents live together without being married, who report their present address).

The amount of the monthly allowances for raising children under the age of one for parents who are not entitled to maternity benefits is BGN 100 for 2017. The application/declaration and the required documents must be submitted to the Social Assistance Department covering the mother's permanent address (except families where parents live together without being married, who report their present address).

The monthly allowance for permanently disabled children is provided regardless of the income of the family. Its amount depends on the degree of disability: over 90% - BGN 930; from 71% to 90%, BGN 450 and from 50% to 70.99%. BGN 350 per month for 2017. You must complete a declaration and submit it to the Social Assistance Department covering the mother's permanent address together with the other required documents.

Jargon busters

  • Individual residing permanently in this country - an individual who resides in the territory of the country for over 183 days within 12 months.
  • Child with a permanent disability - a child aged up to 16 with a degree of disability of 50% or more or a child aged between 16 and 20 with a degree of permanently reduced working capacity of 50% or more.

Forms you may need to fill in

Know your rights

The laws and web pages of the institutions that determine your rights can be found by following the links below. These are not European Commission pages and do not represent the opinion of the Commission:

European Commission publications:

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