Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion

Belgium - Family benefits

This chapter tells you what you need to know in order to receive family benefit in Belgium.

As family benefits fall within the competence of the federated entities, four different schemes coexist in Belgium. They are respectively managed by the Brussels-Capital Region, the French-speaking Walloon Region, the Flemish Community and the German-speaking Community.

 

In what situation can I claim?

 Every child domiciled in Belgium is entitled to family benefits.

What conditions do I need to meet?

 In all federated entities, family benefits are conditioned on the child’s residence. They are thus not linked to the socio-professional status of the parents.

Children domiciled in one of the federated entities are entitled to family benefits up to the age of 18 (25 if the child follows studies or a vocational training). In the French-speaking Walloon Region, however, the age limit to be entitled to family benefits is 21 years for children born after 1st January 2001 unless they earn an income.

In the Flemish Community, both parents are, as a rule, beneficiaries but, in some cases, only one of them is designated as recipient. In the other federated entities, the mother is, as a rule, considered as beneficiary.

What am I entitled to and how can I claim?

 Family benefit schemes of the federated entities provide for:

  1. a monthly basic allowance
  2. social means-tested supplements
  3. monthly age supplements (restricted to some federated entities)
  4. birth or adoption grants
  5. supplementary allowances for children with disabilities
  6. annual age supplements
  1. Monthly basic allowances

1st child

2nd child*

3rd child*

Orphan

Flemish Community

Born before 01/01/2019 (for the nth younger child on 31/12/2918)

€95.81

€177.28

€259.49

€368.05

Born on or after 01/01/2019

€166.46 per child (basic amount)

Supplement of €83.23 or of €166.46

French-speaking Walloon Region

Born before 01/01/2020

€97.72

€180.82

€269.96

€375.39

Born on or after 01/01/2020

€158.10 per child (basic amount)

€357 or supplement of 50% of the basic allowance

German-speaking Community

€159.63

€159.63

€296.89

Supplement of €122.01 or of €243

Bilingual Brussels-Capital Region

Born before 31/01/2019

€142.80 € per child (basic allowance)

Supplement of 50% or of 100% of basic allowance

Born on or after 01/01/2020

€153 per child (basic allowance)

* In Flanders, for children born before 1st January 2019, the child’s ranking is reversed when calculating the benefit amount.

  1. Social supplements

1st child*

2nd child*

From 3rd child*

Single parent family

Large family (at least 3 children)

Flemish Community

Born before 01/01/2019

(according to the ranking of the younger child on 31/12/2018)

€48.77

€30.23

€5.30

Born on or after 01/01/2019

€52.02 (1)

€62.42 or €83.23 (1)

French-speaking Walloon Region

Born before 01/01/2020

€49.75

€30.83

€5.42

€24.87

Born on or after 01/01/2020

€25.50 or €56.10 (1)

€10.20 or €20.40 (1)

€20.40 ou €35.70(1)

German-speaking Community

€76.25 (3)

€76.25 (3)

€76.25 (3)

Bilingual Brussels-Capital Region

Low income

€40,80 or €51 (2)

€71,40 or €81,,60 (2)

€112.20 or €122.40 (2)

€10.20 or €20.40(2)

Medium income

€25.50 (1)

€73.44 (1)

* In Flanders, for children born before 1st January 2019, the child’s ranking is reversed when calculating the benefit amount.

(1) Social supplements are means-tested. Where appropriate, the amount of the social supplement varies according to the annual income of the household.

(2) Social supplements are means-tested. Where appropriate, the amount of the social supplement varies according to the annual income of the household and the age of the child.

(3) Social supplements if the child is entitled to the increased reimbursement from the sickness insurance and if he/she has no entitlement to the supplement for orphans.

Note

The German-speaking Community will maintain the payment of the same total amount as provided by the Act on Child Benefits (Loi générale relative aux allocations familiales, LGAF) and granted for the month of December 2018 beyond 1st January 2019 if such amount is indeed more favorable than the total amount due under the new decree of 23/04/2018 on family benefits which entered into force in January 2019.

The new amounts shown in the tables are however paid when they become (in the addition) higher than the amount frozen then copied referring to the situation in December 2018. The new amounts also become only payable after the number of beneficiary children grouped around a same recipient has been modified – and this from the 1st month following the event.

The bilingual Brussels-Capital Region will maintain the payment of the same total amount as provided by the Act on Child Benefits (Loi générale relative aux allocations familiales, LGAF) and granted for the month of December 2019 beyond 1st January 2020 if such amount is indeed more favorable than the total amount due under the Order of 25/04/2019 governing family benefits which entered into force in January 2020.

The new amounts shown in the tables are however paid when they become higher than the amount frozen then copied from December 2019.

  1. Monthly age supplements

6-11 years

12-17 years

Over 18 years

Flemish Community

Born before  01/01/2019

For the eldest child not benefitting from a supplement

€32.63

€16,36

€49.86

€24.92

€63.40

€28.72

French-speaking Walloon Region

Born before 01/01/2020

€17.02

€25.92

€29.88

Born before 01/01/2020

€10.20

Bilingual Brussels-Capital Region

€10.20

€10.20 or €20.40 (if in higher education)

Age supplements do not exist in the German-speaking Community. The same in true in the Flemish Community for children born on or after 01/01/2019.

Other supplements are provided in particular circumstances for children born before 01/01/2019 in the Flemish Community, as well as in the French-speaking Walloon Region.

  1.  Birth or adoption grants

Flemish Community

Birth initial amount (Startbedrag geboorte)

€1,144.44

Adoption initial amount (Startbedrag adoptie)

€1,144.44

French-speaking Walloon Region

Allowance for 1st birth (Allocation 1ère naissance )

€1,122

Adoption grant (Prime d’adoption)

€1,122

German-speaking Community

Birth grant

€1,163.14

Adoption grant

€1,163.14

Bilingual Brussels-Capital Region

Allowance for 1st or multiple birth

€1,122

Allowance for 2nd and each subsequent birth

€510

Adoption grant for 1st adoption

€1,122

Adoption for 2nd and each subsequent adoption

€510

  1. Supplementary allowances for children with disabilities

These supplementary allowances are granted to disabled children under the age of 21. Their amount varies according to the degree of disability (number of points on the socio-medical scale):

Flemish Community

€84.02

€111.89

€261.11

€431.01

€490.09

€525.10

€560.10

French-speaking Walloon Region and bilingual Brussels-Capital Region

€85.69

€114.13

€266.32

€439.61

€499.87

€535.58

€571.28

German-speaking Community

€86.42

€113.87

€266.38

€439.23

€4499.22

€534.80

€570.39

  1. Annual age supplements / School allowance

For the Flemish Community: this is a school allowance (schoolbonus)

Age

Amount

0-4 years

€20.81

5-11 years

€36.41

12-17 years

€62.42

18-24 years

€61.20

For the French-speaking Walloon Region:

Child born before 01/01/2020

Age

Amount

Without social supplement

With social supplement

0-5 years incl.

€21.65

€29.88

6-11 years incl.

€46.54

€63.41

12-17 years incl.

€64.94

€88.78

18-24 years incl.

€86.59

€119.51

Child born on or after 01/01/2020

Age

Amount

0-4 years incl.*

€20.40

5-11 years incl.

€30.60

12-17 years incl.

€51.00

18-24 years incl.

€81.60

For the bilingual Brussels-Capital Region:

Age

Amount

0 - 5 years

€20.40

6 - 11 years

€30.60

12 - 17 years

€51

18 - 24 years

€51

18 - 24 years – if in higher education

€81.60

For the German-speaking Community:

The annual allowance is uniformly fixed at €52.87 for all children. The age of the child has no impact of the amount of this allowance.

Some federated entities provide for still other supplements in some specific circumstances.

Forms you may need to fill in

 All the forms for family benefits can be downloaded from the following websites:

Flemish Community:

https://gpedia.groeipakket.be/nl/formulieren/internationale-formulieren/eu-verordeningen-sed-formulieren

https://gpedia.groeipakket.be/nl/formulieren/internationale-formulieren/eu-verordeningen-e-formulieren

French-speaking Walloon Region: www.aviq.be

Bilingual Brussels-Capital Region: www.iriscare.brussels

German-speaking Community: http://www.ostbelgienfamilie.be/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-5904/

Older forms (from before regionalisation) are available on the website of the interregional body for family benefits (Organe interrégional pour les prestations familiales, ORINT): https://www.orint.be

Know your rights

The links below allow you to find out more about your rights. These sites are not dependent upon the European Commission and so do not represent the viewpoints of the latter:

Your child lives in Flanders? You will find more information on https://www.groeipakket.be/

Your child lives in Brussels? You will find more information on http://www.iriscare.brussels/fr/citoyens/familles-avec-enfants/informations-generales-pour-vos-allocations-familiales/.

Your child lives in Wallonia? You will find more information on https://www.aviq.be/.

Your child lives in the German-speaking Community? You will find more information on http://www.ostbelgienfamilie.be/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-5886/10077_read-54689/

For more information about the interregional body for family benefits (ORINT): https://www.orint.be

Commission publication and websites:

Whom do I contact?

Flemish Community:

Flemish Groeipakket: political aspects:

Agence Opgroeien:

Hallepoortlaan 27, 1060 Brussel

internationaal@opgroeien.be

Flemish Groeipakket: operational aspects:

Vlaams agentschap voor de uitbetaling van toelagen in het kader van het Gezinsbeleid (VUTG):

Trierstraat 9, 1000 Brussel

info@groeipakket.be  and advies@vutg.be

French-speaking Walloon Region: AViQ - Rue de la Rivelaine 21 - 6061 Charleroi - 0800 16061 - mediationfamilles@aviq.be

Bilingual Brussels-Capital Region: Iriscare - Rue Belliard 71 bte 2 - 1040 Bruxelles - +32 (0)2 435 64 33 - mediation@iriscare.brussels

German-speaking Community: Ministerium des Deutschsprachigen Gemeinschaft Belgiens - Fachbereich Familie und Soziales - Kaperberg 6 - 4700 Eupen - +32 (0)87 789 920 - familienleistungen@dgov.be

In the event of any problems with your rights as a European citizen: EU helpdesks. 

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