Employment, Social Affairs & Inclusion

Database of labour market practices

This database gathers practices in the field of employment submitted by European countries for the purposes of mutual learning. These practices have proven to be successful in the country concerned, according to its national administration. The European Commission does not have a position on the policies or measures mentioned in the database.

Italy Pathways to education, employment and integration for young migrants
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Original Title: Percorsi per la formazione, il lavoro e l’integrazione dei giovani migranti (Percorsi I)
Country: Italy
Responsible body: General Directorate for Immigration and Integration Policies in the Ministry of Labour and Social Policies. Among others, the General Directorate is a Managing Authority for National Migration Policies Fund, Intermediate Body for ESF funded National Operational Programme for Social Inclusion.
Name(s) of other organisations involved (partners / sub-contractors): National Agency for Active Labour Market Policies (ANPAL)
Start Year of implementation: 2016
End Year of implementation: 2019
EU policy relevance:

Council Decision (EU) 2018/1215 of 16 July 2018 on guidelines for the employment policies of the Member States:

  • Guideline 6: Enhancing labour supply and improving access to employment, skills and competences Action Plan on Unaccompanied Minors 2010-2014
  • Guideline 7: Enhancing the functioning of labour markets and the effectiveness of social dialogue
  • Guideline 8: Promoting equal opportunities for all, fostering social inclusion and combatting poverty
European Agenda for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals (2011).
National labour market context:

According to the data collected by the Ministry of Labour and Social Policies 13 862 unaccompanied minors were in Italy as of 30 August 2016. Among them, 797 (5.7%) were women, whereas 13 065 (95.1%) were men. Most of unaccompanied minors were children aged between 16 and 17 years, while only 7.8% are aged between 7 and 14 years.

In the first eight months of 2016, 3 181 unaccompanied minors applied for international protection. The number of applications increased by 49% compared to the same period the previous year.
Policy area: Active labour market policies, Education and training systems, Labour market participation
Specific policy or labour market problem being addressed:

The project aims to strengthen the integration of unaccompanied minors, unaccompanied asylum-seeking children and young migrants arriving in the country as unaccompanied minors. It aims to prevent their social discrimination and exploitation.

Unaccompanied minors not claiming international protection, are entitled to obtain a residence permit (on the ground of their young age) valid until the age of eighteen. Once they have turned eighteen years of age, they are given the opportunity to remain in Italy only if they have undertaken a career or educational path (with the issuance of a residence permit for work reasons or study purposes) or in consideration of their individual integration experiences.
Aims and objectives of the policy or measure: Promoting integration of unaccompanied minors and young migrants to prevent their exploitation and social discrimination; facilitating the legal residence of unaccompanied minors, on turning eighteen years old, who have not claimed international protection.
Main activities / actions underpinning the policy or measure:

The project includes a set of tailored integration activities aimed at facilitating recipients access to labour market (tutoring, counselling, career guidance, job orientation) and a five-month traineeship in a private company.

Main activities:

  • Profiling and needs assessment;
  • Offering of a personalised set of active labour market services (tutoring, counselling, career guidance, job orientation, traineeship);
  • Provision of an endowment to intermediary organisations providing job orientation and active labour market services (EUR 2 000 for each participant); to enterprises for tutoring the traineeship activities (EUR 500 for 16 hours of tutoring); to participants for attending the traineeship (EUR 500 per month for a maximum of EUR 2 500).
  • Job matching, job searching, on-the-job coaching
Geographical scope of policy or measure: National
Target groups: Other
Outputs and outcomes of the policy or measure:

In total, approximately 2 000 traineeships have been activated under the project.

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