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Food from the Oceans

Responding to a request from the European Commission formulated by Karmenu Vella - Commissioner for Environment, Maritime Affairs and Fisheries, the SAM High Level Group (HLG) investigated how more food and biomass can be obtained from the oceans in a way that does not deprive future generations of their benefits.

The aim of the HLG's Scientific Opinion on this subject is to inform maritime, fisheries and aquaculture policy development and implementation in the coming years to help increase the quantity of sustainable food coming from the ocean. This includes the implementation of the EU's Integrated Maritime Policy (policies impacting on EU marine and coastal areas), the Common Fisheries Policy and preparations for whatever succeeds the present European Maritime and Fisheries Fund under the post-2020 Multi-Annual Financial Framework for EU policy priorities.

The scoping paper for this Scientific Opinion was approved following discussion at the High Level Group meeting on 24-25 November 2016.

The Scientific Opinion is informed by a scientific evidence review report produced by the Horizon 2020-funded Science Advice for Policy by European Academies (SAPEA) consortium.

Scientific Output

  • 3rd Scientific Opinion of the SAM HLG: Food from the Oceans  PDF icon 4.8 MB
    In this scientific piece, the HLG advises on how more food and biomass can be obtained from the oceans in a way that does not deprive future generations of their benefits.

    The recommendations in the Opinion call for mainstreaming a responsible culture and capture approach to harvesting food from the ocean into broad food system policy frameworks at EU and global level. To sustain wild capture and develop mariculture, the HLG recommends a more integrated, participative, systems-based approaches to policy and planning. The HLG stresses the need to increase harvest at lower trophic levels and picks out mariculture as the area with most potential for growth as well as being in need of higher priority and more strategic consideration in the EU.

    The aim of the Opinion is to inform maritime, fisheries and aquaculture policy development and implementation in the coming years to help increase the quantity of sustainable food coming from the ocean. This includes preparations for whatever succeeds the present European Maritime and Fisheries Fund under the post-2020 Multi-Annual Financial Framework for EU policy priorities.

 

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Related topic events

Stakeholder meeting on Food from the Oceans – a key step for the SAM High Level Group to deliver the next scientific opinion

On Monday, 13 November, took place the SAM HLG Stakehholder meeting regarding the Food from the Oceans topic. The purpose of this meeting was for SAM HLG to discuss the draft recommendations expected to form the basis of its Scientific Opinion on Food from the Oceans with representatives of relevant interest groups and some policy actors.

The main findings of the Evidence Review Report prepared by the Science Advice for Policy European Academies consortium (SAPEA) underpinning the Opinion were also presented and discussed. Following presentations by members of the SAM HLG (Carina Keskitalo and Janusz Bujnicki) and SAPEA representatives, the floor was opened to collect reactions, comments and questions from the stakeholders.

The SAM HLG took note of the points and answered queries and questions of clarification raised by the participants. On the whole, the reactions and comments largely supported the intention of the SAM HLG to call for, in its Opinion, an increased focus on mariculture, sustainable capture and culture at lower trophic levels; and for more integrated, participative, knowledge- and systems-based approaches to related policy and planning.

The publication of the SAM HLG Opinion and the SAPEA Evidence Review Report on Food from the Oceans is expected on 30th November 2017.

More information

 

Expert workshop on Food from the Ocean - paving the way to a Scientific Opinion by the High Level Group of Scientific Advisors

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The participants of the Workshop

A key milestone on the way to preparing a Scientific Opinion on how to sustainably harvest more Food from the Ocean was an expert workshop which took place on 14 September 2017 in Brussels. The aim of this workshop was to discuss and review the key findings of the SAPEA evidence review report and to identify points to potentially prioritise in the SAM HLG Scientific Opinion. In particular, the workshop discussed the draft report in terms of the feasibility and practical applicability of the evidence gathered for increasing sustainable ocean harvest whether from marine aquaculture or wild capture.

This event brought together the lead member of the Scientific Advice Mechanism High Level Group (SAM HLG) for this Opinion, members of the Science Advice for Policy by European Academies (SAPEA) Working Groups and other experts from industry, civil society, specialised agencies, etc. as well as some observers from the European Commission. It was co-organised by the SAM Unit and SAPEA.

 

Food from the Oceans event in Hamburg

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Rolf-Dieter Heuer (credit:AdwHH/Schopka)

Public engagement activities of the Scientific Advice for Policy by European Academies’ (SAPEA) Food from the Oceans extended to another European coastal city. Together with the Union of German Sciences and Humanities and the Academy of Sciences in Hamburg, SAPEA organised a panel debate on the topic Food from the Oceans – Developments, Challenges, Prognosis on 5 October 2017. The event slotted in with the German Year of Science 2016*17 Seas and Oceans conceptualised by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research which aims to explore the many facets of the oceans in various projects bringing scientists and the general public together.

The Scientific Advice Mechanism (SAM) was represented by Rolf-Dieter Heuer, Chair of the Group and SAPEA was represented by Ole Peterson. The panel debate consisted of a member of the SAPEA Working Group on Food from the Oceans as well as other eminent experts on the oceans. Issues covered in the debate included the role and responsibility of the German fishing industry, the sustainable use of ocean resources and effective governance of the seas.

 

Food from the Oceans in Cardiff Festival

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Courtesy SAPEA

Public talks on the theme Food from the Oceans were hosted the 25th anniversary of the renovations of the Norwegian Church in Cardiff, UK on 14 - 15 July 2017. The Annual Cardiff International Food and Drink Festival, which attracts around 80,000 people, was taken as an opportunity to present this topic. A total of 7 speakers from Norway and UK provided the presentations aimed at consumers. A public debate on the theme of ''Can we get more food from the ocean?'' formed a key interactive opportunity for those attending.

The Academia Europaea Cardiff Knowledge Hub organised this event, in a close collaboration with SAPEA (Science Advice for Policy by European Academies), the SAM (Science Advice Mechanism) Unit, the Learned Society of Wales and the Hordaland County in Norway.

Professor Carina Keskitalo, member of the European Commission High Level Group of the Scientific Advice Mechanism and Chair of the Food from the Oceans Steering Group attended the talks and was joined for part of the event by a staff representative of the SAM Unit.

Seafood from Bergen was available at the Food from the Oceans stall ensuring a continuous flow of visitors.

UNESCO Sustainable Gastronomy Day: Food from the Oceans tasting

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The City of Bergen (UNESCO Creative City of Gastronomy) hosted on 18 June 2017 the Sustainable Gastronomy Day with a wide range of activities to explore food from the oceans.

One scientific and one public seminar were organised jointly by the Academia Europaea Bergen Hub and the Science Advice for Policy by European Academies (SAPEA):

  • Seminar 1 presented themes of common use of algae in meals, and fisheries and possible use of bycatch fish and products
  • Seminar 2 discussed how more food and biomass can be obtained from the oceans in a way that does not deprive future generations of their benefits

These activities originate from their collaboration on food from the oceans with the European Scientific Advice Mechanism (SAM).

There was a marketplace on the quayside with stands from local restaurants where people could do tastings of bycatch and seaweed (with fishing boats arriving to the harbour for the occasion). One stand featured the SAPEA and SAM banners and leaflets promoting that experts from a range of disciplines from all over Europe are exploring the question 'How can more food and biomass be obtained from the oceans in a way that does not deprive future generations of their benefits?'. Prof Matthias Kaiser, SAPEA Food From the Ocean Working Group 2 on Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Bergen, took part in the seminars. SAPEA staff was also represented.

Throughout 2017, these experts, from a range of disciplines, are exploring how more food and biomass be obtained from the ocean. Sustainability is an important part of the project – both in terms of species or groups of species that could potentially provide more food and biomass, and technological constraints to realising an increased sustainable harvest.

 

 

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