European Open Science Cloud
EOSC Declaration26 October 2017
Today, the Commission made the EOSC Declaration ( 118 KB) available to all scientific stakeholders, for their endorsement and commitments to the realisation of the EOSC by 2020.
The Declaration emerged from the EOSC Summit of 12 June, where more than 80 key scientific stakeholders showed a strong sense of commitment, dedication and intellectual rigour with respect to the implementation of the EOSC. We agreed that the EOSC is a truly common European project that we cannot afford to fail.
Overall, response has been plenty, positive and strong. Until today, 70 scientific stakeholders have endorsed the principles of the Declaration. A list of first signatories ( 52 KB) has already signed up to play a role in the EOSC 'coalition of doers'.
The graphic design, pagination and text of the ESOC Declaration have been minimally adjusted, to reflect the publication of the Research Infrastructures (including e-Infrastructures) part of the Work Programme 2018-2020, developments in HPC, the mid-term review of the Digital Single Market strategy and to correct punctuation and one typo.
We strongly encourage you and your institution to 1) to endorse the principles of the Declaration, and 2) to commit to take some of the specific actions forward.
Many of the signatories, sixty as of today, also committed to one or more actions to implement the principles of the EOSC Declaration. The Action List ( 54 KB) accompanying the EOSC Declaration already features several commitments.
By endorsing the principles of the Declaration, stakeholders signal their intention to be involved in the making of the EOSC, for instance by taking specific action, by joining the Governance Board, by providing inputs via the annual stakeholder forum, or again by joining consortia to implement the EOSC via Horizon 2020. Necessarily, we must all be on the same sheet to work together in an inclusive, transparent and accountable way. Endorsement of the Declaration is a prerequisite for joint work on the implementation of the initiative.
Commitments by stakeholders are rather envisioned as specific actions relating to stakeholders'' expertise that contribute towards the implementation of one or more points of the EOSC Declaration. Commitments signal the tangible intention of your organization to support the implementation of the different elements of the European Open Science Cloud. By committing, you will help to take forward, expand, clarify and further specify the actions needed to implement the EOSC Declaration.
The DG is currently double-checking each individual stakeholder commitment, with the plan to publish the full list of endorsements and commitments received. This will provide a first complete overview of stakeholder practical support of the initiative.
The Action List is the dynamic part of the Declaration with clear practical utility. It will be discussed at future Stakeholder Forums, it will feed into the EOSC Roadmap and be reviewed by the Governance Board of the EOSC once this is established. We will regularly update the Action List to include any further responses received (every three months).
To help you respond to the Declaration appropriately you can find more details leading to and from the EOSC Declaration ( 100 KB) .
We strongly encourage all stakeholders not just to agree with the Declaration, but to commit to take some of the specific actions forward.
Roadmap for governance and funding of the European Open Science Cloud
In parallel, the Commission is working with Member States on the definition of governance and financing for the initiative. The Commission aims to have a first draft of the Roadmap ready by the end of 2017. While you are free and welcome to commit to implement all and any of the areas of the EOSC Declaration, please be aware that the Member States and Commission services will jointly examine how to provide the blueprint for governance and financing of the initiative. As announced in the Mid-Term Review on the implementation of the Digital Single Market Strategy, the Commission intends to draw on the ongoing consultations with stakeholders and, by end-2017, come forward with the implementation roadmap for the European Open Science Cloud, and provide the necessary financial support under the Horizon 2020 work programme for 2018-20.
The need for the co-design of the EOSC governance and funding was set in in the Communication: European Cloud Initiative (19 April 2016), and requested by the European Parliament resolution on the European Cloud Initiative (16 February 2017), by Council conclusions on The transition towards an Open Science system (27 may 2016), the Opinion of the Committee of the Regions and the Opinion of the Economic and Social Committee. For an overview see the ECI fact-sheet.
EOSC Summit 201712 June 2017
European Open Science Cloud Summit which took place on 12 June, in Brussels, brought together key players from across Europe, to make the EOSC a reality by 2020. The level of participation was highly representative, including scientific fields, national scientific infrastructures, research funders and ministries of Member States and Associated Countries.
Participants demonstrated a strong sense of commitment towards the implementation of the EOSC. They agreed that the EOSC is a truly common European project which will ensure long term sustainability.
With the adoption of the Digital Single Markets strategy on 6 May 2015, the Commission announced the launch of a cloud for research data – the ‘research open science cloud'. The 'European Open Science Cloud' aims to create a trusted environment for hosting and processing research data to support EU science in its global leading role.
Commissioner Moedas first flagged the initiative at the ERA of Innovation Conference, in June 2015. In a joint blog post, Commissioners Oettinger and Moedas further explained that the initiative 'will combine existing and future data infrastructures, offering secure and seamless access to European researchers for storing, managing and processing data from different sources'.
In his a speech at the Franco-German Conference on Digital (27 October 2015) President Juncker supported a 'nuage européen pour la recherche consacrée à la science ouverte … Notre ambition est de doter l'Europe de capacités techniques puissantes en termes d'infrastructures, de procès, d'analyse et de stockage des données. Seules les données qui seront traitées de façon performante et sûre créeront de la richesse pour notre société'.
The Commission appointed a High Level Expert Group on the European Open Science Cloud to advise on the scientific services to be provided on the cloud and on its governance structure.
The initiative reinforces Open Science, Open Innovation and Open to the world policies. It will foster best practices of global data findability and accessibility (FAIR data), help researchers get their data skills recognised and rewarded (careers, altmetrics); help address issues of access and copyright (IPR) and data subject privacy; allow easier replicability of results and limit data wastage e.g. of clinical trial data (research integrity); contribute to clarification of the funding model for data generation and preservation, reducing rent-seeking and priming the market for innovative research services e.g. advanced TDM (new business models).
>> Policy context of the EOSC
The European Council and Member States welcomed the initiative in the Conclusions on 'Open, data-intensive and networked research as a driver for faster and wider innovation', adopted at the Competitiveness Council of 28-29 May 2015. Among various conclusions supporting the building blocks of the EOSC, they contain clear indication of support:
6a. RECOGNISES the importance of long term sustainability of database infrastructure and availability of secure, reliable and high-quality cloud-based services, and UNDERLINES the importance of being able to store and process in Europe research data produced in the Member States; in this context WELCOMES the further development of a European Open Science Cloud that will enable sharing and re-use of research data across disciplines and borders, taking into account relevant legal, security and privacy aspects;
The European Parliament also called on the Commission to move ahead with the initiative. The Parliament adopted a REPORT on 'Towards a Digital Single Market Act', in the plenary vote of 19 January 2016. In point 124, the Committee deals directly and positively with the European Open Science Cloud:
Is concerned that cloud infrastructures for researchers and universities are fragmented; calls on the Commission, in cooperation with all relevant stakeholders, to set up an action plan to lead to the establishment of the European Open Science Cloud by the end of 2016, which should seamlessly integrate existing networks, data and high-performance computing systems and e-infrastructure services across scientific fields, within a framework of shared policies, standards and investments; believes that it should serve as a stimulus to the development of clouds beyond science, to better interconnected innovation centres, start-up ecosystems, and improved cooperation between universities and industry in commercialising technology, in compliance with relevant confidentiality rules, and to facilitating international coordination and cooperation in this field;
Indeed, the initiative is part of Europe’s ambition to support the transition to Open Science in the context of the Digital Single Market; it aims to meet an urgent and specific need of the scientific community to boost data access and re-use and to reduce the cost of data storage and high-performance analysis by pooling existing capacity and by aggregating demand (initially by researchers in the public sector).
25 January 2018, Turin, Italy - Tour d'Europe
29 January 2018, Sofia, Bulgaria - Tour d'Europe
30 January 2018, Brussels, Belgium - Swiss Science Briefing: Towards a European Open Science Cloud
9-14 July 2018, Toulouse, France - EuroScience Open Forum
11-12 October 2018, Amsterdam, Netherlands - STEMM Equality Congress
- EOSC Declaration 118 KB
- EOSC Action List 54 KB
- List of institutions endorsing the EOSC Declaration 52 KB
- To and from the EOSC Declaration 100 KB
- IPR, technology transfer & open science: Challenges and opportunities
- Realising the European Open Science Cloud 918 KB
- Communication: European Cloud Initiative - Building a competitive data and knowledge economy in Europe (19 April 2016)
- Open Research Data: Uptake of the pilot in the first calls of Horizon 2020