The EU has supported research and innovation (R&I) in cultural heritage in its various forms - tangible, intangible and digital - through its framework programmes since 1986.
Cultural heritage R&I is represented in all pillars of Horizon 2020:
- Excellent Science: Research Infrastructures, Marie Skłodowska-Curie actions and European Research Council grants;
- Industrial Leadership: Leadership in Enabling and Industrial Technologies and;
- Societal Challenges: n. 5 'Climate action, environment, resource efficiency and raw materials' and n.6 'Europe in a changing world - Inclusive, innovative and reflective societies'
So far, the EU has invested over €300 million through Horizon 2020 in R&I in cultural heritage, and at least €200 million more will be invested between 2018-2020.
New orientations for EU research and innovation
Cultural heritage is a non-renewable, irreplaceable resource and a common good, but is frequently under threat from environmental challenges and climate change, disaster risks, neglect, decay and under-funding. It can play a crucial and catalytic role in well-being, cultural diversity, sustainable development and social cohesion.
Horizon 2020 helps leverage the innovation potential of cultural heritage to protect and preserve it and at the same time enhance socio-economic opportunities. This new approach sees cultural heritage as a strategic resource for the society of the future and the economy, rather than a passive stock, as highlighted in the Horizon 2020 expert group report 'Getting cultural heritage to work for Europe' (2015).
The 'Heritage Alive' orientations promote:
Cultural heritage as a driver for sustainable growth in urban and rural areas, by leveraging investments in urban areas, promoting adaptive reuse of the historic built stock and systemic heritage-led strategies for rural regeneration. Under the Horizon 2020 Societal Challenge, €5.3 million has been invested in projects to regenerate cities and rural areas, currently involving more than 50 cities and regions across Europe. Following on this line, €25 million will be invested in 2019 in projects intended to transform historic urban areas or cultural landscapes into hubs of entrepreneurship and social and cultural integration. (ROCK project, CLIC project, RURITAGE project, OpenHeritage project)
Mitigating the impacts of climate change and natural hazards on cultural heritage, by strengthening the resilience of sites and communities and promoting sustainable reconstruction models. In 2018, Horizon 2020 continues to invest in this vein: €18 million has been allocated for 'Increased resilience and sustainable reconstruction of historic areas to cope with climate change and hazard events'. (Cordis Results Pack - Heritage at Risk: EU research and innovation for a more resilient cultural heritage) (STORM project, HERACLES project)
International networks for cultural heritage innovation and inter-cultural diplomacy, building a genuine community of innovators in cultural heritage. In 2018, €3 million has been allocated to support the creation of an international network to promote cultural heritage innovation and diplomacy. The network will operate for three years starting in November 2018.
The current orientation is in line with the Commission policy agenda and contributes to the 10 initiatives of the 2018 European Year of Cultural Heritage, the 2014 Commission Communication 'Towards an integrated approach to cultural heritage for Europe' and builds on FP7 experience and results.
Community of innovators in cultural heritage
The Community of Innovators in Cultural Heritage is a policy initiative that will help to disseminate R&I results, create new synergies among key stakeholders and bridge the gap between research, market and society by connecting three main 'worlds' :
- Innovators and researchers;
- Investors and businesses;
- End-users of innovations (municipalities, cultural institutions, civil protection, etc.)
The initiative is empowered by the H2020 Marina and ROCK projects, which are establishing an innovative web-platform called 'Innovators in Cultural Heritage'. The platform will be open to all innovators, researchers, practitioners, 'change-makers', entrepreneurs and 'end-users' of innovations, products and services to visit, register, share and to 'populate' with updates, news and events. Virtual meetings, discussion rooms a market-place and will foster creation of new synergies between users.
The platform will be able to federate existing communities as well as register individual members under a common virtual environment where discussion and knowledge-sharing is fostered.
- Research in Cultural Heritage ( 3.2 MB)
- Cordis Results Pack - Heritage at Risk: EU research and innovation for a more resilient cultural heritageInnovation in cultural heritage research
- Getting Cultural Heritage to Work for Europe
Also in: DE ( 92 KB) | FR ( 95 KB)
- EU research : cultural heritage in FP7
- Cultural heritage research: Survey and outcomes of projects within the Environment Theme - From 5th to 7th Framework Programme (2012 Edition)