Renewable energies will play a major role in tackling climate change and can provide Europe with affordable and secure energy.
- produce far fewer greenhouse-gas emissions than fossil fuels
- are widely available domestically in Europe
- naturally replenish and do not deplete
Renewable energies are cheaper than ever now due to changes in technology, mass production and market competition.
Challenges for renewable energy
However, a major challenge in the use of renewable energy use is their fluctuating behaviour - the sun does not always shine and the wind does not always blow.
Technological solutions are needed to accurately predict production and manage renewable energy contribution to the energy system, without affecting reliability.
Renewable energy research and innovation
The research and innovation energy strategy is to support renewable technologies becoming more cost efficient, more predictable and more easily integrated into the energy system.
It aims to improve renewable energy technologies for deployment in all the main sectors that consume energy: electricity generation, heating and cooling of buildings, transport.
Areas of Renewable Energy
- Study on assessment of photovoltaics
- Study on artificial photosynthesis - Potential and reality
- Design of a Horizon 2020 inducement prize for the development of artificial photosynthesis for the production of fuels
- Study on lessons for ocean energy development
- Research and innovation perspective of the mid-and long-term potential for advanced biofuels in Europe
- Technology readiness level: Guidance principles for renewable energy technologies : final report – Study and Annexes
- MaRVEN - Environmental impacts of noise, vibrations and electromagnetic emissions from marine renewable energy : final study report
- Study on renewable energy and research and innovation capacity of Sub-Saharan Africa