Interreg : European Territorial Co-operation

European Territorial Cooperation (ETC), better known as Interreg,  is one of the two goals of cohesion policy and provides a framework for the implementation of joint actions and policy exchanges between national, regional and local actors from different Member States. The overarching objective of European Territorial Cooperation (ETC) is to promote a harmonious economic, social and territorial development of the Union as a whole. Interreg is built around three strands of cooperation: cross-border (Interreg A), transnational (Interreg B) and interregional (Interreg C).
Five programming periods of Interreg have succeeded each other:
 INTERREG I (1990-1993) -  INTERREG II (1994-1999) - INTERREG III (2000-2006) - INTERREG IV (2007-2013) - INTERREG V (2014-2020)

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    The European Commission, Directorate-General for Regional and Urban Policy and Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport organise on 14 November 2019 in Brussels, Belgium a conference on Boosting Cross-Border Regions through better Transport.

    The event comes as a natural follow-up to the study on missing rail links and will share the results of the study to a broad range of stakeholders and launches a public debate on the challenges of cross-border public transport services.

    The conference will bring together organisations associated with provision of transport networks and transport services and organisations engaged in cross-border cooperation.

    Invitations will be sent by the end of September 2019, with instructions on how to access the conference portal and to register to the event.

    More detailed information about the programme and practical arrangements will be available closer to the date.

    Should you have any query, do not hesitate to contact the Event Secretariat at crossborder_transport@iservice-europa.eu.

    An ERDF-funded project in Finland is offering opportunities for music and other cultural activities from the ‘Cap of the North’ to cross borders between Finland, Sweden and Norway.

    The project is financing North Finnish artists to perform in Sweden and Norway, providing them with avenues to identify new audiences and increase their global recognition.

    On 12 July 2019, the first concert took place within the framework of the project in Luleå, Sweden, bringing musicians from Finland, Sweden and Norway together in one jazz-band performance.

    The project aims to continue to boost new-found touristic curiosity in cultural activities in Northern Finland, with tourists beginning to show interest in attractions beyond Lapland and the Northern Lights.

    The initiative will also feed into the town of Oulu’s efforts and application to become the next European Capital of Culture, underlining the importance of music and other cultural activities in this more remote part of the world.

    Related links:

    Source article on https://www.kaleva.fi/ 12/07/19


    Author: Iida Ahonen

    Photo: © iStock/Zifeng Zhang

    The ERDF-funded Coastenergy project, led by the University of Camerino in Italy, aims to prepare feasibility studies and pilot projects for the development of marine-energy production plants.

    The goal of the ‘Coastenergy: Blue Energy in Ports and Coastal Urban Areas’ project, which is co-financed by the ERDF’s Italy-Croatia cross-border programme, is to foster the production and use of renewable energy from marine sources.

    The project will focus on marine energy sources, such as currents, wave motion, and marine geothermal energy, all of which can be utilised by facilities built within existing port infrastructure and urban coastal areas.

    Coastenergy’s coordinator, Camerino University, will bring together partners from across Europe to prepare feasibility studies and pilot projects for marine-energy production plants.

    The university will also set up a permanent Italo-Croatian observatory focusing on problems experienced by renewable sea energy systems in ports and coastal areas. The aim is to harmonise similar development projects and procedures under way in other European countries.

    Related links:

    Source article on www.viverecamerino.it 29/06/19


    Photo: ©iStock/pfshots

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Introduction

In 1990, Interreg was developed as a Community Initiative in with a budget of just EUR 1 billion covering exclusively cross-border cooperation. Later, Interreg has been extended to transnational and interregional cooperation. For 2014-2020 European territorial cooperation is one of the two goals of Cohesion Policy besides investment for Growth and Job.

Interreg evolution

The 25th anniversary of Interreg has been celebrated in 2015 with a variety of events around Europe. Over the years, Interreg has become the key instrument of the European Union to support cooperation between partners across borders. The aim: to tackle common challenges together and find shared solutions - whether in the field of health, research and education, transport or sustainable energy.

2014-2020 period – Interreg V

In accordance with the new design of the European Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 and the targets set out in Europe 2020, Interreg has significantly been reshaped to achieve greater impact and an even more effective use of the investments. Key elements of the 2014-2020 reform are:
-Concentration
-Simplification
-Results orientation
The fifth period of Interreg is based on 11 investment priorities laid down in the ERDF Regulation contributing to the delivery of the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. At least, 80% of the budget for each cooperation programme has to concentrate on a maximum of 4 thematic objectives among the eleven EU priorities:

11 priorities

The fifth programming period of Interreg has a budget of EUR 10.1 billion invested in over 100 cooperation programmes between regions and territorial, social and economic partners. This budget also includes the ERDF allocation for Member States to participate in EU external border cooperation programmes supported by other instruments (Instrument for Pre-Accession and European Neighborhood Instrument).

  • 60 Cross-border – Interreg V-A, along 38 internal EU borders. ERDF contribution: EUR 6.6 billion.
  • 15 Transnational – Interreg V-B, covering larger areas of co-operation such as the Baltic Sea, Alpine and Mediterranean regions, as well as some non-EU countries. ERDF contribution: EUR 2.1 billion.
  • The interregional co-operation programme, INTERREG Europe, and 3 networking programmes (Urbact III, Interact III and ESPON) covering all Member States of the EU, as well as Norway and Switzerland and in case of URBACT also Iceland and Lichtenstein. They provide a framework for exchanging experience between regional and local bodies in different countries. ERDF contribution: EUR 500 million.

Interreg Budget

Interreg and inter-regional cooperation 2014-2020: state of play - video recording of the briefing (07/05/2015)

2007-2013 period – Interreg IV

The forth programming period of Interreg had a total budget of EUR 8.7 billion (2, 5 % of the total 2007-13 allocation for cohesion policy). This budget includes the allocation for Member States to participate in EU external border cooperation programmes supported by other instruments (Instrument for Pre-Accession and European Neighborhood Instrument). The budget was distributed as follows:

  • 60 Cross-border – Interreg IV-A, along 38 internal EU borders. ERDF contribution: EUR 5.6 billion.
  • 13 Transnational – Interreg IV-B, covering larger areas of co-operation such as the Baltic Sea, Alpine and Mediterranean regions. ERDF contribution: EUR 1.8 billion.
  • The interregional co-operation programme (INTERREG IVC) and 3 networking programmes (Urbact II, Interact II and ESPON) cover all Member States of the EU. They provide a framework for exchanging experience between regional and local bodies in different countries. ERDF contribution: EUR 445 million.

The European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation

Meetings & Events

Interreg Annual Meeting May 22-23 2019

Interreg Annual Meeting June 18-19 2018

Interreg Annual Meeting April 26-28 2017

Interreg Annual Meeting June 6-7 2016

Interreg Annual Meeting September 15 2015

Interreg Annual Meeting May 19-20 2014

European Territorial Cooperation Annual Meeting 2013

Annual meeting of cross-border programmes 2011

Publications

European Territorial Cooperation: building bridges between people