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Convergence of EU regions redux

The 2008 economic crisis had a deep impact on economic and social cohesion in the EU and the surge in disparities is now frequently cited as one of the main causes for the current lack of popular support for the project of constructing the European Union.
Working Paper: Convergence of EU regions redux
Charts

Measuring urban accessibility for low-carbon modes

Good urban public transport can reduce congestion, air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. It can improve a city’s quality of life and strengthen its economy. This map measures access to public transport for many European cities using the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal indicator. The map is accompanied by city fact sheets which report its various indicators and benchmark them to other cities.
Measuring urban accessibility for low-carbon modes.

Towards a name for each town

The European system of urban/rural territorial classifications relies upon basic types of 1 km² grid cell clusters. By definition, these clusters are independent from any existing administrative unit. This is an important asset as it avoids distortions due to historical, administrative and/or political factors. Nevertheless, when analysing indicators at the level of individual grid-based clusters it is very useful to be able to attribute a name to the clusters. High-density clusters (or urban centres) represent the major cities, each with a population of at least 50,000 inhabitants. There are more than 800 urban centres in Europe. Most of these can be associated with a particular local administrative unit. This means that it has been quite straightforward to allocate a name to each of the grid-based urban centres.
The class of urban clusters (moderate-density clusters) contains suburbs and towns. While suburbs can be associated to urban centres, grid-based towns do not have any a-priori name. Still, providing names to these units can be useful to facilitate referencing them. Hence, the challenge is to provide (unique) names for more than 9000 towns throughout Europe.
Towards a name for each town.

European Regional Competitiveness Index

Regional competitiveness is the ability of a region to offer an attractive and sustainable environment for firms and residents to live and work. Launched in 2010 and published every three years, the Regional Competitiveness Index (RCI) allows regions to monitor and assess their development over time and in comparison with other regions.

Road transport performance in Europe

In Europe, governments invest EUR 100 billion in transport each year to provide people and firms with better access. Accessibility indicators can be used to capture the benefits of these investments, for example by measuring how many destinations can be reached. In that sense, they are a significant improvement over indicators such as speed, capacity or congestion. However, they are seldom used in decision-making. Furthermore, accessibility indicators often primarily reflect the spatial distribution of destinations rather than the performance of transport networks.

Interactive Map

Population at risk of poverty

Given the marked territorial dimension of at-risk-of-poverty rates, national level indicators hide important differences. Policies addressing poverty could benefit from a more detailed geographical breakdown of the prevailing situation and of the main determinants. This is why the European Commission has produced a more detailed poverty map in cooperation with ESPON and the World Bank.
The at-risk-of-poverty rate is a relative measure of poverty. The poverty threshold is set at national level: someone with a given level of income can be considered at risk of poverty in one country and not at risk in another country where income levels are generally lower.

Interactive Map

Road accessibility in border regions

Cross-border interactions within the European Union (EU) still face more obstacles than interactions within national borders. Road accessibility might be only one of these obstacles, but adequate transport infrastructure is necessary to provide access to opportunities. To help improve cross- border cooperation, we assess road transport infrastructure in border regions.

Working Paper: Road accessibility in border regions - Interactive Map

The geography of EU discontent

Over the last decade, political parties opposed to EU integration have almost doubled their votes. The general opinion of the EU has also deteriorated, revealing a growing number of people who distrust the Union. For the first time, it maps the vote against EU integration in the last national elections across more than 63 000 electoral districts in each of the EU Member States.

Working Paper: The geography of EU discontent - Interactive Map

Typology of public transport frequencies

Rapid and frequent public transport has a big impact on urban economies. It can expand labour markets, offer more opportunities and better accessibility. These benefits are also reflected in the real estate market with (much) higher prices for houses and offices close to metro stations and highly accessible locations.

Working Paper: Measuring access to public transport in European cities - Interactive Map

European Quality of Government Index

The European Quality of Government Index (EQI), developed by the Quality of Government Institute of Gothenburg University, measures institutional quality at the regional level in the European Union.
European Quality of Government Index.

Degree of Urbanisation

The degree of urbanisation typology classifies all local authorities (municipalities) into (1) cities, (2) towns and suburbs and (3) rural areas. A wide range of indicators is produced by Eurostat using this classification. The interactive map allows you to check the classification for any place in the EU.

Working Paper: A harmonised definition of cities and rural areas: the new degree of urbanisation - Interactive map.

European Social Progress Index

The draft EU regional Social Progress Index aims to measure social progress for each region as a complement to traditional measures of economic progress. As it is intended to complement measures based on GDP, income or employment, it purposely leaves such indicators out of the index. It follows the overall framework of the global Social Progress Index and is based on fifty indicators, primarily from Eurostat.

Regional statistics

In the Commission's Seventh Report for Economic, Social and Territorial Cohesion a serie of maps shows how European regions compare in a wide range of areas: the economy, social development, the environment, transport, health, education, research and development.

EU regional funding 2014-2020

Structural Funds 2014-2020 (ERDF and ESF) eligibility

Country Map
EU27 EU28 pdf
Belgien/Belgique/België Bãlgarija pdf
Belgien/Belgique/België Belgien/Belgique/België pdf
Česká republika Česká republika pdf
Danmark Danmark pdf
Bundesrepublik Deutschland Bundesrepublik Deutschland pdf
Eesti Eesti pdf
Ελλάς Ελλάς pdf
España España pdf
France France pdf
Croatia Hravtska pdf
Ireland Ireland pdf
Italia Italia pdf
Κύπρος Κύπρος pdf
Latvija Latvija pdf
Lietuva Lietuva pdf
Luxembourg/Luxemburg Luxembourg/Luxemburg pdf
Magyarország Magyarország pdf
Malta Malta pdf
Nederland Nederland pdf
Österreich Österreich pdf
Polska Polska pdf
Portugal Portugal pdf
Portugal România pdf
Slovenija Slovenija pdf
Slovenská republika Slovenská republika pdf
Finland/Suomi Finland/Suomi pdf
Sverige Sverige pdf
United Kingdom United Kingdom pdf

Cross-border cooperation

Cross-border cooperation - PDF (4 MB)

Transnational cooperation

Transnational cooperation - PDF (10 MB)

EU regional funding 2007-2013

Regions eligible under the convergence and regional competitiveness objectives

Country Map
EU27 EU28 pdf
Belgien/Belgique/België Bãlgarija pdf
Belgien/Belgique/België Belgien/Belgique/België pdf
Česká republika Česká republika pdf
Danmark Danmark pdf
Bundesrepublik Deutschland Bundesrepublik Deutschland pdf
Eesti Eesti pdf
Ελλάς Ελλάς pdf
España España pdf
France France pdf
Croatia Hravtska pdf
Ireland Ireland pdf
Italia Italia pdf
Κύπρος Κύπρος pdf
Latvija Latvija pdf
Lietuva Lietuva pdf
Luxembourg/Luxemburg Luxembourg/Luxemburg pdf
Magyarország Magyarország pdf
Malta Malta pdf
Nederland Nederland pdf
Österreich Österreich pdf
Polska Polska pdf
Portugal Portugal pdf
Portugal România pdf
Slovenija Slovenija pdf
Slovenská republika Slovenská republika pdf
Finland/Suomi Finland/Suomi pdf
Sverige Sverige pdf
United Kingdom United Kingdom pdf

Territorial cooperation

EU regional funding: history

Structural Funds 1989-2020 eligibility

Watch this short clip to see how the regions eligible for EU regional funding have evolved over the period 1989-2020.