Cleaning up life quality in North-East Romania

A vast new waste collection system will cut pollution and boost sanitation for thousands in a former capital of Moldavia.

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Improved recycling and landfill will do more than tidy up the landscape in an area known as “The Cultural Capital of Romania”. 840 000 people, the entire population of Romania’s Iaşi county, will see their lives improved with better sanitation and reduced emissions. Proper waste collection and composting will bring the best EU environment laws to this cultural, artistic and academic region.

Introducing the waste hierarchy

Environmental damage, health risks and economic costs can all be reduced by sorting waste according to a specially designed system, known as the waste hierarchy. Instead of sending all unwanted products to be dumped in landfill or burnt in incinerators, the hierarchy favours sorting and recycling waste as much as possible.

To make this possible, the “Integrated Waste Management System in Iaşi County” will improve existing waste services and install new facilities. Collection equipment and transfer systems will be built or upgraded, while sorting and treatment stations will be created to handle waste. Four sub-standard landfill sites will be closed, and the remaining landfill capacity brought into line with the highest standards.

Households and businesses in towns and cities will all benefit from separate waste collection procedures, to stream different types of refuse. Composting will be made an integral part of the new waste system, favouring biodegradable and reusable end-of-life refuse. This will bring the amount of waste sent to landfill down to just 35 % of the total.

Meanwhile 59 % of waste will be recycled by 2013. For glass waste the recycling target will be even higher, at 76 %. The recycling rates will be 65 % for paper and cardboard, and 63 % for metal and plastic. Even 22 % of wood will be recycled.

Technically talking

The project has been designed to include: the construction of two waste transfer stations; the construction of a new sorting plant and the extension of an existing plant; the introduction of separate waste collection and home recycling systems; the construction of one biological treatment plant and the completion of a composting station; work on an extension to one landfill site and the closure of four non-compliant landfills; and a major technical assistance and public awareness campaign.

Revenue will be collected as tax from infrastructure users and as income from the sale of recycled goods and compost. 150 jobs are likely to be created during implementation of the project, with an additional 136 created after completion.

Total investment and EU funding

Total investment for the project “Integrated Waste Management System in Iaşi County” amounts to EUR 55 095 293, with the EU’s Regional Development Fund contributing EUR 42 232 195 through the "Development of integrated waste management systems and rehabilitation of historically contaminated sites" priority of the “Environment” Operational Programme for the 2007-2013 programming period.

Draft date