Islands, ID chips and compost – new features of Hungary’s waste management landscape

Rural and urban areas in Közép-Dunántúl and Nyugat-Dunántúl, Hungary are now home to a new integrated waste management and selective collection system. The main objective is a 25% reduction in municipal solid waste collected for landfill treatment by 2020.

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View over Győr’s modern waste management centre. Copyright: MEDIUS Agency View over Győr’s modern waste management centre. Copyright: MEDIUS Agency

“The benefits of this project will be felt by future generations through a more sustainable environment.”
Mr. Barnabás Kovács, Head of PIU (Project Implementation Unit)

Some 260 000 local residents are now benefiting from a new era of sorting, recycling and handling waste, with reduced pollution and health risks, a better protected environment and more jobs.

Covering all bases

The key features of the new facilities are a landfill, mechanical-biological pre-treatment facility, material recycling facility to process selectively collected recyclables, and composting plant for green waste. In Veszprémvarsány and Vaszar, two new transfer stations have been constructed, while in Győr-Sashegy a waste management centre has been set up.

Under Hungarian legislation, bins with certain coloured lids must be emptied a minimum number of times each month. To monitor this, a chip system was introduced under the project to both promote selective collecting and improve client identification. Every bin has been fitted with a chip containing an identification code of the consumer. When the bin is in a certain position during emptying, a reader device installed in the vehicle records the code of the identification chip and sends data to the central computer. However, if consumers choose to use the islands and waste yards provided for waste management, the legal requirements for emptying are adjusted automatically. 

Throughout the project’s lifecycle, an average of 130 000 tonnes of municipal solid waste are expected to be treated. And to get the waste moving, a fleet of 30 new vehicles has been purchased.

Urban and rural efforts in tandem

In the densely populated urban areas of Győr, the project has introduced 160 waste islands and six waste yards for separate collection of recyclables. A two-bin system is also in place for separate collection of biodegradable and mixed waste.

Similarly, in rural areas, 179 waste islands, 36 waste yards and a two-bin system are being used for biodegradables, recyclables and mixed waste.

Composting, another integral feature, now uses green and biodegradable waste collected through the two-bin system and home composting boxes. 

Working for clean air

With appropriate insulation of facilities, air pollution levels are expected to fall as biodegradable waste is diverted from the landfill. Effective management of waste streams and facilities has reduced the size of the area needed for waste disposal, minimising health risks to both animals and humans.

With Natura 2000 sites nearby, care has been taken not to harm their habitats and species.

In terms of employment, 65 new jobs were created in the scope of operation, and 140 jobs have been changed by appearance of the new tasks. However this does not mean new jobs, but facilitates employment imposing higher standards and requirements.

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