EU Structural and Investment (ESI) funding must be spent effectively and in accordance with its defined purpose. For this reason, extensive evaluation and monitoring procedures have been established through EU legislation to check that operational programmes using ESI funding are performing properly and delivering results that can be checked against agreed criteria.
The Commission has established a monitoring system that harnesses strict certification, control and correction mechanisms. Member States have to carry out checks and audits of projects that receive funding, and the Commission itself can make on-the-spot inspections.
The financial management rules for ESI Funds require Member States to assess the implementation of operational programmes through a certification body, an auditing body and a monitoring committee.