European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI)
European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP) is aimed at supporting political, economic and social reform processes in the following neighbouring countries of the European Union: Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Egypt, Georgia, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Moldova, Morocco, the Palestinian Authority, Syria, Tunisia, and Ukraine. ENP aims to strengthen prosperity, stability, security, the market economy and sustainable growth through a continuous dialogue with each partner country.
Partner countries agree with the EU an ENP action plan demonstrating their commitment to democracy, human rights, rule of law, good governance, market economy principles and sustainable development. The action plans setting up the short-term and medium-term priorities for each partner country are among the key instruments of this policy. Although the action plans are tailored to each of the neighbouring countries, they generally refer to a number of common activities, ranging from political dialogue to trade-related issues and economic and social cooperation.
For the period 2014-2020, the European Neighbourhood Policy is financed by the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) which replaces the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) existing since 2007. In line with the renewed Neighbourhood Policy launched in 2011, ENI support focuses mainly on:
• promoting human rights and the rule of law; establishing deep and sustainable democracy and developing a thriving civil society;
• sustainable and inclusive growth and economic, social and territorial development; including progressive integration in the EU internal market;
• mobility and people-to-people contacts; including student exchanges, civil society;
• regional integration; including Cross-Border Cooperation.
The total 7-year ENI budget is EUR 15.4 billion (in 2014 prices).