Mountains, Islands and Sparsely Populated Areas
Cohesion Policy pays particular attention to European regions that face severe and permanent geographical or demographic challenges such as mountains, islands and sparsely populated areas.
A recent analysis shows how 15 Member States (Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom) dealt with specific challenges due to the insular, mountainous and/or sparsely populated nature of their territories. The analysis – which covers the 2014-2020 period – details these challenges and presents solutions via EU Regional Policy. Specifically, it focuses on actions relating to jobs, growth and investment in communities situated on mountains and islands and in sparsely populated areas co-financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) and the Cohesion Fund (CF), and via mainstream, as well as European Territorial Cooperation (ETC), programmes. Reflecting its full commitment to such areas beyond 2020, the European Commission has proposed an enabling framework that is focused on flexibility and would provide multiple ways to further unlock their rich potential.
How the EU helps mountainous communities
The European Commission announced the 27 finalists of the 2020 edition of the European Natura 2000 Award. The competition rewards excellence in the management of Natura 2000 sites, based on communication, socio-economic benefits, conservation, reconciliation of interests and cross border cooperation.
Finalists of this edition were recently announced and, with 43% of Natura 2000 areas being mountainous, many selected initiatives are located in mountain areas. Here is a snapshot of finalists:
- Pro-Biodiversidad: Shepherds as biodiversity conservators in Natura 2000 (Northern Spain, Asturias, Castilla, Cantabria) a project highlighting the role of shepherds and extensive mountain livestock farming for the protection of biodiversity.
- Joint efforts for safe and wildlife-friendly transportation networks in the Carpathians:produced a set of guidelines for creating/implementing a transport network which decreases the shipping risks for animals. These guidelines will be further developed by the Carpathian Convention.
- Promoting nature conservation while producing world quality wines: (Portugal – Douro) identifies bird conservation activities (restoration of grassland, preservation of habitats, sustainable agricultural practices in vineyards) as part of a strategy aimed both at preserving biodiversity, producing quality wine in a sustainable way and highlighting the specific biodiversity as an added value of this depopulated rural region.
- Magredi grasslands: (Italy – Friuli Venezia Giulia): promote the restoration of the dry Magredi grasslands by removing invasive species and replanting grass and wild plants. More than 500ha have already been rehabilitated
Experts will award the best initiatives, but you can vote for your favourite project too, before September 15, 2020. The finalist getting the highest number of votes will receive the EU Citizens’ Award.
Europe’s mountainous regions can be remote and hard to reach, making it difficult to access resources, services and markets. Finding the right balance between growth and protecting the environment can also be a challenge. EU support helps overcome these hurdles, turning them into opportunities that create jobs, boost local economies and improve lives. Rich in biodiversity and natural resources, such areas have great potential for development – especially in ecotourism and the production of quality agricultural and protected designation of origin (PDO) goods.
Since 2003, December the 11th helps to raise awareness on mountain areas' specificities, let's spread the word #MountainsMatter
Examples of EU-funded projects improving lives in mountainous communities:
- Megalo Papigo, in the Zagori region of northern Greece's Pindos Mountains, is now connected to the digital world, with broadband internet access, along with 5,000 other villages in remote areas of the country
- Alpine Innovation for Combined Transport (AlpInnoCT)
- Bois des Alpes
- Construction of a Digestive Endoscopy Area
- Rural broadband
- Pediatric pole of Cerdanya
How the EU helps island communities
Europe’s island communities often grapple with limited access to resources and services, as well as environmental threats and ageing populations. However, differences in size, population, development trends and location call for different approaches to tackle similar challenges. Tailored EU support helps create opportunities that generate jobs, boost local economies and improve lives. Many opportunities arise when EU-funded projects focus on sustainable tourism, as well as the eco-friendly use of natural resources via the green energy sector and circular economy.
- Calling all EU islands: Identify your energy transition needs in the NESOI survey
- Calling all islands in Europe: take part in the NESOI survey!
- European Commission and European Investment Fund launch €75 million BlueInvest Fund
- EU islands as the locomotives of European Energy Transition
Examples of EU-funded projects improving lives in island communities:
How the EU helps sparsely populated areas
Europe’s sparsely populated areas are mostly found in the northernmost regions and in the Mediterranean. The Northern Sparsely Populated Areas have distinct characteristics and development conditions, with limited accessibility and an ageing population among the challenges. EU support can help turn these barriers into opportunities, promoting growth and positive change. Projects harnessing the potential of such areas include those focused on facilitating new forms of economic activity in sectors such as ICT-related services, tourism and niche manufacturing.
Examples of EU-funded projects improving lives in sparsely populated areas:
- Brochure: Europe’s Jewels – Mountains, Islands, Sparsely populated areas (2019)
- Expert analysis on geographical specificities: Mountains, Islands and Sparsely Populated Areas (2018)
- ESPON BRIDGES - Territories with Geographical Specificities (2018)
- Communication concerning a European Union Strategy for the Alpine Region (2015)
- Study on the relevance and the effectiveness of ERDF and Cohesion Fund support to Regions with Specific Geographical Features – Islands, Mountainous and Sparsely Populated areas (2012)
Stories from the regions : Health aid in remote mountain areas between Italy and France
The MISMI project financed by EU cohesion policy supports people living in mountain, rural and dispersedly populated areas between Valle d’Aosta region in Italy and Tarentaise in France. The project is about linking people in need with caregivers and the community using technology, thus contributing to fight people’s isolation and social and health inequalities. This project is even more valuable in the current context of COVID-19 spread as citizens can benefit from tele-medicine and two nurses who are helping on the ground in hospitals and patients’ home.
EU Cohesion Policy helps islands mountains and sparsely populated areas
CLLD: a powerful tool to help the potential of islands, mountain and sparsely populated areas
The European Union is supporting citizens to mobilise skills and resources for Community Led Local Development . Partnerships between ordinary people, civic groups and public bodies called Local Action Groups are boosting local business, preserving cultural heritage and creating new services to revitalise local communities in many parts of Europe. CLLD can be a powerful tool to help the potential of areas with geographic and demographic specificities with the local people in the driving seat. CLLD are strategies to meet the most pressing economic, social or environmental needs . A special budget and staff can help turn ideas into projects. There are more than 3000 Local Action groups around Europe many of which cater island, mountainous and sparsely populated areas of the EU.
Watch some inspiring stories
EU Cohesion Policy boosts Sweden's forestry sector - sustainably
The "Climate Smart Innovation" project is helping to develop forest-based industries in the centre of Sweden. It is providing a long-term regional platform for building SME capacity in innovation and sustainable development. The project contributes to boost knowledge and skills in climate protection, the bioeconomy and circular economy among businesses and other industry stakeholders. Closer interaction with researchers, students and international partners is encouraged, and the public sector and civil society representatives are participating in project workshops. The platform will make regional innovation more efficient and profitable while helping businesses transition to the low-carbon economy.
More information about the project
- Research and innovation
- Information and communication technologies
- SME competitiveness
- Low carbon economy