EU Cohesion Policy invests in health, a key asset for regional development and competitiveness, in order to reduce economic and social disparities. Investment may address a number of different areas such as Europe’s ageing population, healthcare infrastructure and sustainable systems, e-health, affordable access to quality health services, health promotion programmes and cross-border cooperation.

Equal access to quality healthcare services supports social cohesion and reduces poverty risks. At the same time, access to long-term care facilities and services allows reducing the time spent on caring tasks for family members. Despite the near-universal coverage of health insurance or national health systems across Member States, there are still major health inequalities across countries, regions and socio-economic groups.

The key challenges in the area of healthcare, varying in nature and intensity across the Member States, are the high levels of unmet needs for medical care, the disparities in availability and quality of and access to healthcare, the shortages in healthcare workforce (both in numbers and in terms of skill gaps), as well as insufficient capacity in terms of facilities and equipment. The COVID-19 pandemic has also highlighted the need to build more resilient healthcare systems that are better equipped to respond to crises, including through increased cooperation mechanisms and sharing resources, capacities and knowledge across national and regional borders. 

Health is eligible to receive support under several of the five policy objectives of Cohesion Policy, mainly under More competitive and smarter Europe through support to research and innovation and support to medical businesses, digitisation and e-health and More social Europe through support for healthcare and long-term care services.