Interreg : European Territorial Co-operation

European Territorial Cooperation (ETC), better known as Interreg,  is one of the two goals of cohesion policy and provides a framework for the implementation of joint actions and policy exchanges between national, regional and local actors from different Member States. The overarching objective of European Territorial Cooperation (ETC) is to promote a harmonious economic, social and territorial development of the Union as a whole. Interreg is built around three strands of cooperation: cross-border (Interreg A), transnational (Interreg B) and interregional (Interreg C).
Five programming periods of Interreg have succeeded each other:
 INTERREG I (1990-1993) -  INTERREG II (1994-1999) - INTERREG III (2000-2006) - INTERREG IV (2007-2013) - INTERREG V (2014-2020)

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    The online consultation for the EU Strategy for the Danube Region (EUSDR), is open until the 20th of May 2019!

    The area covered by the EU Strategy for the Danube Region stretches from the Black Forest (Germany) to the Black Sea (Romania-Ukraine-Moldova) and is home to 115 million inhabitants, who already benefit from the EUSDR’s tangible results

    All actors involved in the Danube region such as, politicians, civil society, public and private organisation are invited to contribute to the elaboration of the new Action Plan. 

    Joint forces are more than needed in a critical period where the future 2021-2027 programming period is currently discussed within the European Union.

    Therefore, don’t miss the chance to shape EUSDR’s future and flag your ideas on how to bring the strategy closer to citizens’ needs!

    Contributions will be then presented at the meeting of National Coordinators (NC)-Priority Area Committee (PAC) in May 2019 in Bucharest. This will also serve as a basis for the consultative sessions at the 8th EUSDR Annual Forum taking place on 27th / 28th of June 2019 in Bucharest.

    Looking forward to your contribution, find more information here.

    REGISTER NOW! The 8th Annual Forum for the EU Strategy for the Danube Region will take place the 27-28 of June in Bucharest (Romania).

    This year, the Romanian rotating presidency of the EUSDR is focusing on “Building cohesion for a shared prosperity in the Danube Region”.  

    Therefore, the forum will be the place to discuss crucial topics for the Danube region such as connectivity and regional mobility, fostering  clusters development, including digitalization, people to people links and tourism.

    The second day of the Forum will be dedicated to post-2020 EU policy design, with a focus on the role of Interreg DTP and of ESI Funds for the region, and this will be the opportunity to hold discussions on the revision of the Action Plan, stemming from the stakeholders’ contributions.

    Register and keep posted on the agenda here!

    The Interreg Project Slam 2019 edition is open to all Interreg programmes until April 30, 2019 at 12:00 !

    Don’t miss the opportunity to Slam your project during the EU Regions Week 2019, which will take place from the 7th to the 11th of October 2019! The exact date will be confirmed as soon as possible. 

    The aim of this initiative is to demonstrate how Interreg works and how its cooperation model could be enlarged across Europe !

    Find out more information here, as well as the call for proposals and the online application form.

    Looking forward to hearing from your project slam!

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Introduction

In 1990, Interreg was developed as a Community Initiative in with a budget of just EUR 1 billion covering exclusively cross-border cooperation. Later, Interreg has been extended to transnational and interregional cooperation. For 2014-2020 European territorial cooperation is one of the two goals of Cohesion Policy besides investment for Growth and Job.

Interreg evolution

The 25th anniversary of Interreg has been celebrated in 2015 with a variety of events around Europe. Over the years, Interreg has become the key instrument of the European Union to support cooperation between partners across borders. The aim: to tackle common challenges together and find shared solutions - whether in the field of health, research and education, transport or sustainable energy.

2014-2020 period – Interreg V

In accordance with the new design of the European Cohesion Policy 2014-2020 and the targets set out in Europe 2020, Interreg has significantly been reshaped to achieve greater impact and an even more effective use of the investments. Key elements of the 2014-2020 reform are:
-Concentration
-Simplification
-Results orientation
The fifth period of Interreg is based on 11 investment priorities laid down in the ERDF Regulation contributing to the delivery of the Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. At least, 80% of the budget for each cooperation programme has to concentrate on a maximum of 4 thematic objectives among the eleven EU priorities:

11 priorities

The fifth programming period of Interreg has a budget of EUR 10.1 billion invested in over 100 cooperation programmes between regions and territorial, social and economic partners. This budget also includes the ERDF allocation for Member States to participate in EU external border cooperation programmes supported by other instruments (Instrument for Pre-Accession and European Neighborhood Instrument).

  • 60 Cross-border – Interreg V-A, along 38 internal EU borders. ERDF contribution: EUR 6.6 billion.
  • 15 Transnational – Interreg V-B, covering larger areas of co-operation such as the Baltic Sea, Alpine and Mediterranean regions, as well as some non-EU countries. ERDF contribution: EUR 2.1 billion.
  • The interregional co-operation programme, INTERREG Europe, and 3 networking programmes (Urbact III, Interact III and ESPON) covering all Member States of the EU, as well as Norway and Switzerland and in case of URBACT also Iceland and Lichtenstein. They provide a framework for exchanging experience between regional and local bodies in different countries. ERDF contribution: EUR 500 million.

Interreg Budget

Interreg and inter-regional cooperation 2014-2020: state of play - video recording of the briefing (07/05/2015)

2007-2013 period – Interreg IV

The forth programming period of Interreg had a total budget of EUR 8.7 billion (2, 5 % of the total 2007-13 allocation for cohesion policy). This budget includes the allocation for Member States to participate in EU external border cooperation programmes supported by other instruments (Instrument for Pre-Accession and European Neighborhood Instrument). The budget was distributed as follows:

  • 60 Cross-border – Interreg IV-A, along 38 internal EU borders. ERDF contribution: EUR 5.6 billion.
  • 13 Transnational – Interreg IV-B, covering larger areas of co-operation such as the Baltic Sea, Alpine and Mediterranean regions. ERDF contribution: EUR 1.8 billion.
  • The interregional co-operation programme (INTERREG IVC) and 3 networking programmes (Urbact II, Interact II and ESPON) cover all Member States of the EU. They provide a framework for exchanging experience between regional and local bodies in different countries. ERDF contribution: EUR 445 million.

The European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation

Meetings & Events

Interreg Annual Meeting April 26-28 2017

Interreg Annual Meeting June 6-7 2016

Interreg Annual Meeting September 15 2015

Interreg Annual Meeting May 19-20 2014

European Territorial Cooperation Annual Meeting 2013

Annual meeting of cross-border programmes 2011

Publications

European Territorial Cooperation: building bridges between people