EU–China Cooperative Research Program on Regional Policy : Research Report of the Chinese Expert Group
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The sustained rapid growth of China’s economy has been the most noticeable of the historic changes that have taken place in all aspects of China’s economy since its reform and opening up policy began. During the past 30 years China has undoubtedly been one of the countries in the world with the most rapid economic growth as well as being the country with the longest period of sustained high growth. China’s economic growth has, however, been quite unbalanced due to the differences among its regions in terms of natural and geographic conditions and economic foundation. This clear
imbalance exists not only between provinces but also between areas within provinces. Regional policies therefore play a significant role in reducing the regional development disparities and promoting a coordinated regional development. China’s regional policy basically aims to contain the regional disparities within a reasonable range, to realise the equalisation of basic public services, to fully exert the comparative advantages of regions, to promote regional comprehensive competitiveness effectively, and to establish harmony between the economic society and the resource environment. Since the beginning of the 21st century China’s effort to create regional development modes and to remodel the regional policy framework
under the guidance of the Scientific Outlook on Development has sought to promote the coordinated development of the regions in China.