Thematic Guidance Fiche: Transition from Institutional to Community-based care (De-Institutionalisation - DI) (Thematic objective 9) en
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A study funded in 2007 by the European Commission found that more than one million people with disabilities live in institutions across Europe. These concern mostly people with disabilities, mental health problems, older people or children deprived of parental care but may also include other group at risk of poverty as ethnic minorities. Institutions were originally seen as the best way of caring for vulnerable children and adults with a variety of support needs. However evidence has shown that institutional care provides poorer outcome in term of quality of life compared with quality services in the community as they cannot ensure the person- centred approach and appropriate support needed to bring about full inclusion.
Nevertheless attaining full economic and social participation of people with disabilities is essential for progressing towards the EU 2020's headline targets and its overall objectives.
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