Large Infrastructure Operational Programme


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Programme description

Main objectives

The Large Infrastructure Operational Programme (LIOP) aims at promoting sustainable economic growth as well as safe and efficient use of natural resources. It addresses the development challenges identified at national level in terms of transport infrastructure, sustainable urban transport, environment, energy and risk prevention. The programme will mainly invest in removing the main transport bottlenecks and developing sustainable, efficient and green transport modes in the country. Another strong focus lies on measures to increase energy efficiency and protect natural resources. It also invests in environment infrastructure and risk prevention.

Funding priorities

The Programme will focus on eight priorities:

  • Improving mobility through the development of the TEN-T and the metro network
  • The development of a multimodal, high-quality, sustainable and efficient transport system
  • The development of environmental infrastructure based on an efficient management of resources
  • Environmental protection by taking measures to preserve biodiversity, air quality monitoring and de-contamination of historically contaminated sites
  • Promoting adaptation to climate change, risk prevention and management
  • Clean energy and energy efficiency in order to support a low carbon economy
  • Increased energy efficiency in centralised heating systems in selected cities
  • Intelligent and sustainable transport systems for electricity and natural gas

Expected impacts by 2023

  • Travel time on the road TEN-T core network reduced to 74,1 Min/100km
  • Travel time on the rail TEN-T network reduced to 79,2 Min/100km
  • The quantity of goods carried by inland waterways will increase to 32,2 tonnes/year
  • The share of metro system in public passenger transport in Bucharest will increase to 23%
  • The number of road fatalities per million inhabitants will decrease to 73
  • The number of passengers embarked and disembarked in airport transport will increase to 20 million/year
  • An increase in the containerised cargo volume handled in intermodal terminals to 70.000
  • A decrease to half of the waiting time in customs at exit points in agglomerated periods (carriers)
  • The amount of biodegradable waste landfilled will be reduced to 1,53 Mil. Tonnes/year
  • The recycling rate of household and similar waste will increase to 50%
  • The level of population covered by public drinking water system will increase to 99,5%
  • Restore 10% of the degraded ecosystems
  • The annual average economic damage caused by adverse hydrological events will decrease to 383,16 MEur/year
  • The primary production of energy from less exploited renewable sources will increase to 455,96 MWh/year
  • The energy intensity in the industry will decrease to 121,5 kgep/1000 EUR
  • The energy losses in heating networks at national level will decrease to 15% in less developed regions


  • Romania


  • Cohesion Fund (CF): 6,534,996,977.00 €
  • Regional Development Fund (ERDF): 2,803,584,684.00 €

Thematic priorities

Financial information

Total OP budget: 10,870,747,753.00 €

Total EU contribution: 9,338,581,661.00 €

View the data

CCI number: 2014RO16M1OP001