Operational Programme 'Regional Operational Programme'

Programme under Convergence objective co-funded by European Regional Development Fund (ERDF)


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On July 12, the European Commission approved the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF) Operational programme for Romania for the period 2007-2013, entitled "Regional Operational Programme" (ROP). The total budget of the programme is around EUR 4.38 billion and the Community assistance amounts to EUR 3.7 billion (approximately 19 % of the total EU money invested in Romania under Cohesion policy 2007-2013).

1. The purpose and aim of the EU investment

The overall objective consists in supporting the economic, social, territorially balanced and sustainable development of the Romanian regions, according to their specific needs and resources, focusing on urban growth poles, improving the business environment and basic infrastructure. The Romanian regions, especially the ones lagging behind, could become more attractive places where to live, visit, invest and work.

This objective will be achieved through a differentiated financial allocation by region, according to their level of development and in close coordination with the actions implemented by other operational programmes.

The strategy will give priority to the regions lagging behind and at the same time, a special focus will be given to supporting urban growth poles, which can contribute to a polycentric development of the Romanian territory.

2. The expected impact of the investment

The strategic objective of the programme is therefore:

  • The creation of 15.000 new jobs by the end of 2015.
  • The reduction of the interregional disparities in the period 2007-2015 in terms of GDP per inhabitant.

It is expected that the implementation of this programme will create better conditions for the economic and social balanced territorial development of all Romanian regions and for urban growth poles able to spread the development.

The ROP will support the promotion of actions, which will improve safety standards, reduce the adverse effects on the environment, mitigate climate change, safeguard transport infrastructures from natural disasters, as well as eliminate dangerous black spots. While individual actions (road improvements) may inevitably tend to increase output of greenhouse gases, other interventions (improvement of public transport, modernization of production facilities, elimination of transport bottlenecks) may tend to reduce them. The overall impact of the programme will be to reduce the energy consumption and gas emissions causing climate change, by using best available techniques.

3. Priority axes

The balanced development of all country’s regions will be achieved through an integrated approach, based on a combination of public investments in the local infrastructure, active policies to stimulate business activities and support for the valorisation of the local resources, by the following priority axes:

Priority axis 1: Support to sustainable development of urban growth poles

This priority axis aims to increase the quality of life and to create new jobs in cities, by rehabilitating the urban infrastructure, improving services, including social services, as well as by developing business support structures and entrepreneurship.

In order to contribute to a balanced territorial development of the country and to avoid the increasing internal disparities, investments will be concentrated in those cities which act as regional and/or local growth poles and spread the development into the surrounding areas, giving priority to growth poles located in regions and counties with lower level of development in terms of GDP and unemployment.

Priority axis 2: Improvement of regional and local transport infrastructure

The aim is to increase the accessibility of the regions and the mobility of population, goods and services, in order to foster sustainable economic development.

Priority axis 3: Improvement of social infrastructure

The objective is to create the premises for better access of the population to essential services, contributing to the achievement of the European objective of economic and social cohesion, by improving infrastructure for health, education, social and public safety in emergency situations.

Priority axis 4: Strengthening the regional and local business environment

This priority axis aims to set up and develop business support structures of regional and local importance, rehabilitate industrial sites and support regional and local entrepreneurial initiatives, in order to facilitate job creation and sustainable economic growth.

Priority axis 5: Sustainable development and promotion of tourism

This priority axis aims mainly to sustainable valorisation and promotion of the cultural heritage and natural resources with tourism potential, as well as to improve the quality of accommodation and leisure tourist infrastructure, in order to increase the regions’ attractiveness, develop the local economies and create new jobs.

Priority axis 6: Technical Assistance

The objective of this priority axis is to provide support for the transparent and efficient implementation of the programme.

Financial and Technical information

Operational Programme 'Regional Operational Programme'

Intervention Type

Operational Programme

CCI no


Number of decision


Final approval date


Breakdown of finances by priority axis

Priority Axis EU Investment National Public Contribution Total Public Contribution
Support to sustainable development of urban growth poles 1 117 806 529 273 365 256 1 391 171 785
Improvement of regional and local transport infrastructure 758 355 021 118 355 985 876 711 006
Improvement of social infrastructure 558 903 260 98 629 992 657 533 252
Strengthening the regional and local business environment 633 423 700 76 471 117 709 894 817
Sustainable development and promotion of tourism 558 903 264 57 862 924 616 766 188
Technical Assistance 98 629 988 32 876 662 131 506 650
Total 3 726 021 762 657 561 936 4 383 583 698