|URBAN AUDIT RESULTS - GRAZ
inhabitants, Graz is Austria's second largest city. It is
the capital of Styria, one of Austria's nine "Lander",
bordering Hungary and Slovenia. It is also the economic, scientific
and cultural centre of south east Austria.
the economic centre of Styria, containing 40% of its jobs.
About 60,000 commuters travel to work in Graz every day. The
most important industrial branches include mechanical engineering,
environmental technology, steel-girder construction, transport
related production, electrical engineering and electronics.
Major enterprises established in Graz include Steyr-Daimler-Puch,
Chrysler Austria, Eurostar and AVL-List (transport related
production); Andritz (mechanical engineering), Austrian energy
& environment SGP (environmental technology); and Austria
a main transport junction in south east Austria. There are
road connections with its hinterland, other Austrian cities
and the neighbouring countries of northern Italy and southern
of Graz declined during the 1980s, but increased slightly
in the 1990s. Population growth is significantly stronger
in the surrounding districts. Graz is home to three universities
(University of Graz, the Technical University and the University
for Music and Arts) with approximately 60,000 students. The
Joanneum Research company is an important non-university research
institution which collaborates with local enterprises. There
are two technology-parks and, since 1995, a Fachhochschule.
in the EU's URBAN Community Initiative, with projects targeted
at the problem area of "Gries".
past 40 years, Graz has supported modern and avant-garde movements
in literature, arts and architecture. There are several festivals,
such as 'styriarte' and 'Steirischer Herbst'.
constitution guarantees municipalities the right to self government
and a right to levy taxes. The city administration of the
"Landeshauptstadt" (capital of the Land Styria),
Graz is governed by the city council, which is directly elected
by local citizens for a period of five years. The city council
has 56 members, who elect the mayor and the nine members of
the city government. The local authority has extensive responsibilities,
including city planning and the provision of infrastructure
and services (e.g. kindergartens, schools, waste and water
management). Each of the 17 districts of the city has a district
parliament, which is directly elected by the district's citizens.
The city administration employs over 4,000 people.
Summary and City Relative Position
Links to City Websites