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  European Commission > Regional Policy > Urban


With 240,000 inhabitants, Graz is Austria's second largest city. It is the capital of Styria, one of Austria's nine "Lander", bordering Hungary and Slovenia. It is also the economic, scientific and cultural centre of south east Austria.

The City Maps

Graz Infrastructure
Graz Population Density
Graz CORINE Landuse

Graz is the economic centre of Styria, containing 40% of its jobs. About 60,000 commuters travel to work in Graz every day. The most important industrial branches include mechanical engineering, environmental technology, steel-girder construction, transport related production, electrical engineering and electronics. Major enterprises established in Graz include Steyr-Daimler-Puch, Chrysler Austria, Eurostar and AVL-List (transport related production); Andritz (mechanical engineering), Austrian energy & environment SGP (environmental technology); and Austria Micro-Systems (electronics).

Graz is a main transport junction in south east Austria. There are road connections with its hinterland, other Austrian cities and the neighbouring countries of northern Italy and southern Germany.

The population of Graz declined during the 1980s, but increased slightly in the 1990s. Population growth is significantly stronger in the surrounding districts. Graz is home to three universities (University of Graz, the Technical University and the University for Music and Arts) with approximately 60,000 students. The Joanneum Research company is an important non-university research institution which collaborates with local enterprises. There are two technology-parks and, since 1995, a Fachhochschule.

Graz participates in the EU's URBAN Community Initiative, with projects targeted at the problem area of "Gries".

For the past 40 years, Graz has supported modern and avant-garde movements in literature, arts and architecture. There are several festivals, such as 'styriarte' and 'Steirischer Herbst'.

The Austrian constitution guarantees municipalities the right to self government and a right to levy taxes. The city administration of the "Landeshauptstadt" (capital of the Land Styria), Graz is governed by the city council, which is directly elected by local citizens for a period of five years. The city council has 56 members, who elect the mayor and the nine members of the city government. The local authority has extensive responsibilities, including city planning and the provision of infrastructure and services (e.g. kindergartens, schools, waste and water management). Each of the 17 districts of the city has a district parliament, which is directly elected by the district's citizens. The city administration employs over 4,000 people.


Sub-city Analysis

Summary and City Relative Position

Links to City Websites

Resources for further information


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