Structural actions in support of transport
Transport brings people and economies together, making it possible
to create new hubs of development in areas that used to be isolated.
It is of paramount importance in enabling all Europeans to benefit
from the single market.
The achievement of a quality and sustainable European transport
network is therefore closely linked to regional development.
Regional policy provides support for transport in the Member States
- the ERDF (European Regional Development Fund), under development
strategies prepared by the States and regions: during the previous
financing period (1994/1999), around € 15 billion in ERDF
funds were spent on developing transport in Europe;
- the Cohesion Fund: from 1994 to 1999, € 8 billion were
invested in transport projects in the Union's least developed
In the applicant states, ISPA (Instrument for Structural Policies
for Pre-accession) allocates about half its funds for transport
The Structural Funds helped make possible the construction of Spata
airport in Greece and the Vasco de Gama bridge in Portugal
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