One of the key factors constraining the implementation of research and innovation (R&I) activities is the lack of available financing at acceptable terms to innovative businesses due to their complex products and technologies, unproven markets and intangible assets.
Through its actions under ‘Access to Risk Finance’, Horizon 2020 supports companies and other types of organisations engaged in R&I such as research centres, universities, public-private partnerships, special-purpose companies or projects, and joint ventures, to gain easier access to debt and equity financing.
Particular support is required for innovative SMEs (and in some sectors microenterprises), especially in the start-up phase or after diversifying into new markets. The availability of early-stage and growth-stage equity finance for innovative firms is being improved thanks to VentureEU, which will help to provide better access to finance to support the concept and proof-of-concept stage of the innovation process, as well as the later stages of development where relevant.
In a joint effort, the European Commission and the European Investment Bank Group (EIB and EIF) provide finance for research and innovation to entities that may otherwise struggle to access financing. In virtue of the delegation agreement on the Horizon 2020 Financial Instruments, the European Investment Bank (EIB) group has been implementing InnovFin - EU Finance for Innovators since 2014.
InnovFin promotes a range of tailored debt and equity products from guarantees for intermediaries that lend to SMEs to direct loans to enterprises. Moreover, InnovFin provides advisory services, helping support the smallest to the largest R&I projects in the EU and countries associated to Horizon 2020.
The range of offered products received a substantial boost in 2015, when two important thematic finance products were launched to support combating infectious diseases and high-risk energy demonstration projects.
The facility supports first-of-a-kind commercial-scale demonstration projects in the fields of renewable energy, energy storage, smart grids, and carbon capture utilisation and use. Manufacturing processes or services of innovative technologies are also eligible.
The objective is to support the EU's Strategic Energy Technology (SET) Plan, bridging the gap from demonstration to commercialisation and helping roll out the next generation of innovative low-carbon energy technologies to the market.
In July 2016, a first-of-a-kind demonstration project that converts wave energy into electrical power, Wave Roller Device received a loan of €10 million. Two additional projects demonstrating innovative ways of harnessing solar and bioenergy received €45 million in loans in December 2017. In February 2018 a deal was agreed for an up to €52.5 million loan for Swedish start-up company Northvolt to build a first-of-a-kind battery cells manufacturing line for use in the automotive, stationary energy storage and industrial sectors in Västerås, Sweden.
Two projects received loans in October 2018: €60 million to help WindPlus consortium install a floating wind farm in the deep waters off the Portuguese coast and €17 million for Greenway to massively expand its EV charging stations network across Central and Eastern Europe.
A new thematic investment platform in the area of circular bioeconomy is currently under development.
The InnovFin products operates in conjunction with those of EU programme for the Competitiveness of Enterprises and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (COSME), which are implemented by the European Investment Fund.
To locate banks, lenders or funds that provide risk finance supported by the EU, go to http://access2finance.eu.
Do you want to know which InnovFin instrument matches your needs? Go to http://helpingyouinnovate.eib.org.
The European Investment Bank (EIB) and the European Investment Fund (EIF) play an important role, as entrusted entities, in implementing each financial instrument facility on behalf of and in partnership with the European Commission.
The European Investment Bank provides loans to medium to larger companies, or guarantees to banks lending to them. It also provides a range of technical assistance and advisory services, in order to help project promoters to make research, development and innovation bankable.
The European Investment Fund from its side provides guarantees to banks lending to small and medium-sized firms and small midcaps and invests in funds providing start-ups and fast-growing firms with equity, including through the new VentureEU initiative.
In addition to the cooperation with the European Investment Bank, the EU has recently engaged in cooperation with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) in order to tackle the financing gap for innovative SMEs in Romania, Bulgaria and Latvia.
In addition to InnovFin products, Horizon 2020 supports SMEs and start-ups to become more investment-ready via various capacity-building actions:
For further examples of accompanying measures, please consult the Work Programmes on Access to Risk Finance, which you can find at the bottom of this page.
The European Fund for Strategic Investments (EFSI) is widening the opportunities for financing innovation via its Infrastructure & Innovation and SME windows. The European Investment Bank group implements the products under EFSI.
Since its launch in 2015, EFSI has mobilised €335 billion in additional investment across the EU. The Juncker Plan has made a clear impact on the EU economy and revolutionised the way innovation is financed in Europe.
More information is available here.
For the latest state of play regarding EFSI investments in RDI, please click here.