What could be the next new super crop? How about microalgae? An EU-funded project is developing technology to grow and use these single-celled plants. Already used in health-food supplements, the crop has potential to green existing industries and develop new ones.
EU-funded researchers are pushing the limits of modern aircraft engine technology, developing ultra-efficient turbofans to cut CO2 emissions and reduce aircraft noise in order to meet ambitious environmental objectives over the coming years.
Satellite and in situ data can tell us a lot about the state of the seas, but scientists are not yet able to exploit these data to their full potential. An EU-funded project looked into enriching Europe's marine data products and services - such as those revealing the chemical make-up of our oceans.
The EU-funded LEMCOTEC project used a technological approach to build a more efficient aero-engine, helping to ensure Europe's aviation sector not only reaches its ambitious carbon emission targets, but exceeds them.
Acetylsalicylic acid, most commonly known as aspirin, was already part of the Egyptian pharmacopeia, used also in ancient Greece and in the Middle Ages to break fevers. Taken all over the world to kill pain and reduce inflammation, today aspirin helps to prevent heart attacks, strokes and blood clots. Its emerging role in preventing and treating cancer is on the rise too. But how does this drug act on your blood cells? ERC grantee Prof Valerie O’Donnell works on the answer.
A ground-breaking anthropological discovery took place in East Africa, where ERC Advanced grantee Dr Marta Mirazón Lahr and her team have been studying human origins. At the excavation site in Nataruk in northern Kenya, they have stumbled upon a real archaeological rarity – the earliest historical evidence of warfare.
Researchers supported by the ERC have sampled magmatic gases derived from the Earth's mantle in the Eifel region in Germany. Their analysis of xenon, a rare and inert gas, sampled in bubbling mineral water could bring new insights into the origin of volatile elements, water and gases, that allowed life to develop on Earth.
A team of researchers at the Institute of Evolutionary Biology in Barcelona deciphered the genetic mechanisms responsible for the evolutionary success of animals, including humans. The findings give insight on how life evolved from its simple one-cell form to complex multi-cellular organisms. The results, published on 21/4/2016 in Cell journal, may also provide hints how the life will evolve in future.
Floods, wildfires, droughts and volcanic eruptions. These are just some of the catastrophes that will cause increasing damage and costs in Europe if steps aren't taken to address the risk from natural disasters, says ENHANCE, an EU-funded research project. The findings are being used at EU, national and local levels.