Bauxite residue - the by-product from the extraction of aluminium from bauxite ore - has the consistency of thick, red mud. Disposing of this waste poses a serious problem for industry, as does the risk of spills. But red mud can also be a source of critical metals. The REDMUD project intends to turn residues into low-carbon building materials - and to train researchers along the way.
Cargo vessels are considered a relatively green mode of transport. Compared to lorries, they produce fewer emissions. But road transport is modernising fast and vessels have to keep up to remain competitive.
We know more about the dark side of the moon and the surface of Mars than we do about our deep ocean environments. EU-funded research is shedding more light on the darkest depths of the North Atlantic maritime region. A better understanding of deep-sea habitats will inform the sustainable management of this vital resource.
Control, communication, cyber security - the development of a flexible, real-time, intelligent rail traffic management and decision support system will involve innovation in these and many other areas. An EU-funded project dedicated to signalling and automation systems is helping to advance the necessary R&D.
It is often said that we know more about the surface of the moon than the ocean floor. The EU-funded STRONGMAR project will address marine knowledge gaps by fostering knowledge transfer and exchanges between leading European marine science research institutes. The project seeks to support innovative technological solutions that will advance deep-sea research at INESC TEC in Porto, Portugal.
The EU-funded LONGPOP project will train young researchers in the skills needed to fully exploit big data. With a focus on social change, the researchers will be able to apply the knowledge and techniques learnt to helping welfare systems prepare for the years ahead.
School meals don't matter only to kids and their parents. Like other services within the scope of public sector food procurement, they also matter economically. Determination to source produce locally and sustainably can make all the difference to a region's farmers, as can labels protecting its specialities. An EU-funded project is connecting the dots.