Someone dies from tuberculosis (TB) every 15 seconds and 30 million more people will succumb to this deadly bacterium in the coming decade if new treatments are not found. Once known as 'consumption' for the way it 'consumed' the lungs and sometimes other organs, TB is one of the oldest known infectious diseases. Its agent Mycobacterium tuberculosis has already infected a third of the world's population, and this is despite decades of vaccination programmes.
More than 10,000 asteroids and comets are within striking distance of the Earth. An asteroid as small as 50 metres wide that penetrates the atmosphere could damage an entire city or part of a country. To prevent such a possible disaster, a European Union (EU)-funded project, NEOShield, is studying ways to deflect an incoming asteroid or destroy it before it has a chance to collide with the Earth.
Many drugs prescribed for children have not been appropriately tested for use on this age group. Such drugs frequently lack adequate information about the correct dosage and how best to administer them.
One of the most common forms of cancer in children is acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, and the children affected have to rely on tablet-based treatments developed for adults.
The European Union (EU)-funded LOULLA&PHILLA project designed a new range of anti-cancer drugs specifically aimed at children. The drugs ensure an appropriate safe dosage and are available in a flavoured oral liquid form to make it easier for parents to administer to children.
Landing a spacecraft on another planet is a complex and expensive endeavour. Once the craft is there, it is essential that any pictures and data sent back to Earth are of the highest quality in order to help scientists and astronomers acquire the best possible knowledge and assist them with planning future missions. A European Union (EU)-funded project, PRoVisG, has developed a new technique to convert information collected from other planets into higher resolution 3D images.
Malaria is still a big killer in southern Africa, and all available technologies need to be employed effectively to control the mosquitoes that spread it. Earth Observation (EO) techniques, such as remote aircraft and satellite sensing, can be employed to monitor and manage these malaria vectors.
The emergency response core service of the EU's Earth monitoring programme has been expanded, enabling better crisis management before, during and after emergencies often related to global climate change.
Pushing the boundaries of astronomy is only possible if you have the latest technology at hand. An EU-funded project aims to ensure that the Astronomical Observatory of Belgrade is equipped to become one of Europe’s most dynamic and competitive centres of discovery.
EU-funded researchers and industrialists are developing monitoring tools for the production line that can prevent and correct defects faster. This innovation will reduce costs, downtime and wastage, and lead to better, safer products.