As the world focuses its efforts on the battle to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and limit the impact of global warming, one significant part of the solution could be the greater use of wood in the construction industry in place of other, less environmentally-friendly materials such as metal or plastic.
The problem is that wood - and the coatings and adhesives used with it – have a number of shortcomings as building materials.
Self-cleaning plastic surfaces developed by EU-funded scientists could save you time when washing your car, cut costs by reducing the need for cleaning products and even help to reduce your impact on the environment.
Picture a chemical plant. How would you describe it? You’re probably not thinking along the lines of compact, nimble or adaptable – but that's about to change. Europe's chemical industry is innovating in order to survive and thrive in the face of rapidly changing market demands and fierce global competition.
New technologies will enable the industry to manufacture products faster, more flexibly and more sustainably, and EU-funded research is providing the solutions.
Someone dies from tuberculosis (TB) every 15 seconds and 30 million more people will succumb to this deadly bacterium in the coming decade if new treatments are not found. Once known as 'consumption' for the way it 'consumed' the lungs and sometimes other organs, TB is one of the oldest known infectious diseases. Its agent Mycobacterium tuberculosis has already infected a third of the world's population, and this is despite decades of vaccination programmes.
More than 10,000 asteroids and comets are within striking distance of the Earth. An asteroid as small as 50 metres wide that penetrates the atmosphere could damage an entire city or part of a country. To prevent such a possible disaster, a European Union (EU)-funded project, NEOShield, is studying ways to deflect an incoming asteroid or destroy it before it has a chance to collide with the Earth.
Many drugs prescribed for children have not been appropriately tested for use on this age group. Such drugs frequently lack adequate information about the correct dosage and how best to administer them.
One of the most common forms of cancer in children is acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, and the children affected have to rely on tablet-based treatments developed for adults.
The European Union (EU)-funded LOULLA&PHILLA project designed a new range of anti-cancer drugs specifically aimed at children. The drugs ensure an appropriate safe dosage and are available in a flavoured oral liquid form to make it easier for parents to administer to children.
Landing a spacecraft on another planet is a complex and expensive endeavour. Once the craft is there, it is essential that any pictures and data sent back to Earth are of the highest quality in order to help scientists and astronomers acquire the best possible knowledge and assist them with planning future missions. A European Union (EU)-funded project, PRoVisG, has developed a new technique to convert information collected from other planets into higher resolution 3D images.
Malaria is still a big killer in southern Africa, and all available technologies need to be employed effectively to control the mosquitoes that spread it. Earth Observation (EO) techniques, such as remote aircraft and satellite sensing, can be employed to monitor and manage these malaria vectors.