An assessment of the inclusiveness of Erasmus+ International Credit Mobility

A study analysing the barriers hindering the mobility of students from disadvantaged backgrounds in Partner Countries under Erasmus+ International Credit Mobility.

It analyses the current state of play and provides proposals to improve the inclusiveness of international credit mobility for the Erasmus+ Programme 2021-2027.

Geographical scope

  • 21 countries neighbouring the EU
  • Southern Mediterranean countries (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestine, Syria, and Tunisia)
  • the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, and Montenegro)
  • the Eastern Partnership (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova, and Ukraine)


  • carried out by the SPHERE consortium (Support and Promotion for Higher Education Reform Experts)
  • involved consultations with national ministries, national Erasmus+ offices, higher education institutions and students in Partner Countries, and with Erasmus+ national agencies and higher education institutions in Programme Countries

Date of publication: January 2020

Download the study by SPHERE [pdf]

More about the SPHERE consortium

Mid-term evaluation of the Erasmus+ Programme

How has Erasmus+ proven to be such a success? And what have we learnt to improve on? 

Based on over a million responses to this type of questions, brought together as the most comprehensive and recent source of evidence, here are the highlights from the Mid-term evaluation:

- "Erasmus+, the EU's flagship programme for education, training, youth and sport (2014-2020), has proved to be highly beneficial to the participants, not only in terms of supporting the transition to employment but also by creating a feeling of being an EU citizen."

- "Erasmus+ will boost the learning mobility of 4 million learners, teachers and trainers by 2020 and internationalise the work of education, training, youth and sport organisations, within and beyond the EU."

- "Evidence shows that Erasmus+ is more coherent, relevant and partly more efficient and simpler than its predecessors."

- "As regards the future of Erasmus+, the evaluation makes a clear case for a stronger investment in education and training with a new emphasis on the younger generations and the most vulnerable groups."

These are some headlines of the report of the European Commission on the mid-term evaluation of the Erasmus+ programme. If you want to find out more, including recommendations, follow the links below.

Report of the Commission:  as adopted on 31 January 2018, is available below and is accompanied by a detailed staff working document (evidence-basis in English only):

This evaluation builds particularly on:

  • Programme Country Reports on the implementation and the impact of Erasmus+:

Belgique Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark
Deutschland Estonia Ireland Greece
Spain France Croatia Italy
Cyprus Latvia Lithuania Luxemburg
Hungary Malta Netherland Österreich
Poland Portugal: Romania Slovenia
Slovak Republic Finland Sweden United Kingdom
Switzerland Iceland Liechtenstein Republic of Macedonia
Norway Turkey

For the detailed results of the Open Public Consultation, please visit the dedicated webpage

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