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The European Qualifications Framework (EQF) is a translation tool that helps communication and comparison between qualifications systems in Europe. Its eight common European reference levels are described in terms of learning outcomes: knowledge, skills and competences. This allows any national qualifications systems, national qualifications frameworks (NQFs) and qualifications in Europe to relate to the EQF levels. Learners, graduates, providers and employers can use these levels to understand and compare qualifications awarded in different countries and by different education and training systems.

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Qualifications that are part of national qualifications framework are listed on this page. You can scroll down to find all information. Filter by Subject Field, EQF level and Location and you will find more detailed information on qualifications, and a link to the national database. The qualifications are part of national qualifications frameworks that have formally referenced to the EQF

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Search found 587 items
  1. Environment and Natural Resources, Doctorate

    Type of knowledge The student possesses knowledge and understanding acquired from research carried out on an individual basis. The student's research findings shall contribute in a significant way to the development of the relevant field of study. The student shall have initiated new knowledge in environment and natural resources, and its interpretation, with research which measures up to reviews and critique of other scholars in the relevant field. Knowledge, ability and skills On completion of doctoral studies the student should have fulfilled the following criteria in addition to those fulfilled at the former level:1. Knowledge and understanding1.1. The student has acquired extensive and deep understanding of the main theories, principles, concepts and the most recent findings within a selected area of environment and natural resources. The knowledge is more in-depth than acquired at previous levels.1.2. The student has adopted an original and critical way of thinking as regards the area of research and is able to put forward and develop theoretical ideas.1.3. The student possesses an understanding of the nature of scientific research and is aware of the rights and obligations of scientists, including matters concerning discretion, copyright, ethics and intellectual property as regards results and data1.4. The student has initiated the creation of new knowledge and its interpretation by means of research which has withstood analysis and critique by scholars in the relevant field.1.5. The student possesses kn ...

    Category: Qualifications Location: Iceland
  2. Business Administration, Doctorate

    1 Knowledge and understanding1.1 The candidate has solid understanding of business administration and command of theory and methodology in general in the chosen field (finance; management; organization; etc). 1.2 The candidate has thorough knowledge in his field of research specialization and its position in the wider body of economic and business administration knowledge. 1.3 The candidate has a clear grasp about how theories in his field in general and his research in particular can be applied to solve real world problems.2 Theoretical skills2.1 The candidate has mastered basic business administration theories and a full mastery of the theoretical apparatus in his field of specialization. 2.2 The candidate has the ability to generate new theoretical knowledge in his field of specialization. 2.3 The candidate has the ability to criticise and spot the weaknesses of theoretical results in his field of business administration. 2.4 The candidate has the ability to solve demanding theoretical problems in his specialised field.3 Practical skills1.1 The candidate has the ability to apply theory and methodology to solve complicated problems. 1.2 The candidate has the ability to organize projects to acquire new knowledge or to solve complicated problems in his field. 1.3 The candidate has the ability to critically evaluate research results and proposals in his field of specialization. 1.4 The candidate has command of a range of research methodology and the ability to apply it to a wide range of social problems.4 Commun ...

    Category: Qualifications Location: Iceland
  3. Computer Science, Doctorate

    Definition A three-year academic and applied research-oriented graduate programme in computer science at the Faculty of Industrial Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Computer Science, School of Engineering and Natural Sciences of the University of Iceland. The programme is 210 ECTS credits and comprises at least 30 ECTS in courses and a 180 ECTS in a research project. Admission requirements are a research oriented MS degree or equivalent. Graduates from related disciplines can be admitted on fulfilling supplementary requirements. Knowledge, competence and skills On completion of the doctorate examination the student shall have gained the following competence in addition to that gained at previous levels. 1. Knowledge and understanding1.1 The student has adopted innovative and critical thinking in his field of research and can present and develop theoretical concepts.1.2 The student understands the nature of scientific research and knows the rights and obligations of the scientist, including aspects relating to confidentiality, copyright, ethics and intellectual property rights of results and data.1.3 The student has taken the initiative in creating new knowledge and in interpreting this knowledge with research that has withstood the inspection and review of academics in the same field at international level.1.4 The student has gained knowledge and understanding through his research that is considered a significant contribution to the research field in question.1.5 The student knows the systems used to fina ...

    Category: Qualifications Location: Iceland
  4. Nursing, Doctorate

    Knowledge and SkillsBy end of the doctoral program the student demonstrates the following learning outcomes in addition to those fulfilled at the master's level: 1 Knowledge and Understanding1.1 The student understands creative and critical thinking pertaining to the field of research and is able to conceptualize scientific ideas. 1.2 The student understands the nature of scientific research and the right and obligations of scientists, including matters of confidentiality, copyright, ethics, and proprietary rights to findings and data.1.3 The student demonstrates abilities in creating and interpreting knowledge, which withstands examination and critique of academics in the field of study.1.4 The student possesses knowledge and understanding which he or she has obtained through own research and which is considered an important contribution to the discipline of nursing or midwifery.1.5 The student knows the processes used to finance and evaluate research.1.6 The student knows the processes used to obtain research permissions, including permissions from appropriate scientific - and ethics committees.1.7 The student understands how research is put to use in academic and practical purposes alike. 2 Type of Knowledge2.1 The student is capable of critically articulating extensive knowledge bases in the humanities, psychology, sociology, biology, natural - and health sciences, on which nursing or midwifery draw, as well as to critically articulate disciplinary specific knowledge particularly related to the area of stud ...

    Category: Qualifications Location: Iceland
  5. Pharmaceutical Sciences, Doctorate

    Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences: 180 to 300-credit programme for a doctorate (Ph.D programme) Definition Three to five-year theoretical and practical postgraduate programme (research-based postgraduate programme) in pharmacy at the University of Iceland Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences. The programme is 180-300 credits at higher education cycle 3, and fully accredited to confer the title of philosophiae doctor, Ph.D. Admission requirements are a research-based MS degree or comparable qualification (90 credits) – or a BS degree (150 credits), generally completed with a grade of 7.25 or above. The research project shall be 180 credits following an MS degree or 300 credits following a BS degree. In the case of study for a doctorate, specific faculty rules apply. Knowledge, competence and skills On completing the doctorate, a student should have met the following criteria, in addition to those already met at lower levels: 1. Knowledge and understanding 1.1. The student has attained an extensive and detailed understanding of the primary theories, basic principles, terminology and most recent knowledge in a selected field of pharmacy. The knowledge is significantly deeper than that acquired at lower levels of study. 1.2. The student possesses original and critical thinking skills regarding the research area and can present and develop academic ideas. 1.3. The student understands the nature of scientific research and knows the rights and responsibilities of researchers, including those pertaining to confidential ...

    Category: Qualifications Location: Iceland
  6. Comparative Literature, Doctorate

    1. Knowledge and understanding1.1. Doctoral students possess a clear and in-depth of all the fundamental elements of their special field of knowledge, as well as its main theories, concepts and terms and most recent developments. The level of understanding and expertise will be more extensive and deeper than that required at the previous degree level.1.2. Doctoral students possess a firm grasp of their field of specialisation and show an excellent knowledge of all elements pertaining to that area field of specialisation.1.3. Doctoral students are able to make important and innovatory contributions to their field of specialisation, either in the form of new knowledge or in the innovative utilisation and interpretation of previous knowledge.1.4. Doctoral students possess a good understanding of the scientific and methodological aspects of the subject, both those that apply to its theory and to the general body of opinion concerning the subject, its ideas and ethical standards.1.5. Doctoral students will be well aware of the financing of scientific research, how it is externally assessed and its practical application.. 2. Types of knowledge 2.1. Doctoral students possess an extensive knowledge and understanding that they have developed via their own research and independent contribution, considered as important to their field of expertise.2.2. Doctoral students have defined and presented original ideas in a clear manner and evolved new knowledge on the basis of substantial research that ...

    Category: Qualifications Location: Iceland
  7. Public Health Sciences, Ph.D.

    Knowledge, ability and skillsOn completion of doctoral studies in public health sciences the student should have fulfilled the following criteria in addition to those fulfilled at the previous level: 1. Knowledge and understanding1.1. The student has acquired extensive and deep understanding of the main theories, principles, concepts and the most recent findings within a selected area of public health sciences. He has deepened considerably his knowledge from that acquired at the previous levels. 1.2. The student has adopted an original and critical way of thinking as regards the area of research and is able to put forward and develop theoretical ideas. 1.3. The student possesses an understanding of the nature of scientific research and is aware of the rights and obligations of scientists, including matters concerning ethical conduct towards study participants and colleagues, discretion, copyright, ethics and intellectual property as regards results and data.1.4. The student has initiated the creation of new knowledge and its interpretation by means of research that has withstood analysis and critique by scholars in the relevant field.1.5. The student possesses knowledge and understanding acquired through individual research which is considered an important contribution to the relevant field of research. 1.6. The student has knowledge of the systems used in the financing of research and its evaluation and understands how research is applied for academic, administrative as well as commercial purposes. 2. Practica ...

    Category: Qualifications Location: Iceland
  8. Pharmacy, Doctorate

    Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences: 180 to 300-credit programme for a doctorate (Ph.D programme) Definition Three to five-year theoretical and practical postgraduate programme (research-based postgraduate programme) in pharmacy at the University of Iceland Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences. The programme is 180-300 credits at higher education cycle 3, and fully accredited to confer the title of philosophiae doctor, Ph.D. Admission requirements are a research-based MS degree or comparable qualification (90 credits) – or a BS degree (150 credits), generally completed with a grade of 7.25 or above. The research project shall be 180 credits following an MS degree or 300 credits following a BS degree. In the case of study for a doctorate, specific faculty rules apply. Knowledge, competence and skills On completing the doctorate, a student should have met the following criteria, in addition to those already met at lower levels: 1. Knowledge and understanding 1.1. The student has attained an extensive and detailed understanding of the primary theories, basic principles, terminology and most recent knowledge in a selected field of pharmacy. The knowledge is significantly deeper than that acquired at lower levels of study. 1.2. The student possesses original and critical thinking skills regarding the research area and can present and develop academic ideas. 1.3. The student understands the nature of scientific research and knows the rights and responsibilities of researchers, including those pertaining to confidential ...

    Category: Qualifications Location: Iceland
  9. Medical Sciences, Doctorate

    Knowledge, ability and skillsOn completion of doctoral studies the student should have fulfilled the following criteria in addition to those fulfilled at the previous level: 1. Knowledge and understanding1.1. The student has acquired extensive and deep understanding of the main theories, principles, concepts and the most recent findings within a selected area of health sciences or bio-medical sciences. He has deepened considerably his knowledge from that acquired at the previous levels. 1.2. The student has adopted an original and critical way of thinking as regards the area of research and is able to put forward and develop theoretical ideas. 1.3. The student possesses an understanding of the nature of scientific research and is aware of the rights and obligations of scientists, including matters concerning ethical conduct towards study participants and colleagues, discretion, copyright, ethics and intellectual property as regards results and data.1.4. The student has initiated the creation of new knowledge and its interpretation by means of research that has withstood analysis and critique by scholars in the relevant field.1.5. The student possesses knowledge and understanding acquired through individual research which is considered an important contribution to the relevant field of research. 1.6. The student has a knowledge of the systems used in the financing of research and its evaluation and understands how research is applied for academic, administrative as well as commercial purposes. 2. Practical abi ...

    Category: Qualifications Location: Iceland
  10. Education, Ph.D.

    Goals - knowledge, understanding and skills On completion of study the following criteria shall be fulfilled: Knowledge and understanding- That the students possess extensive and in-depth understanding of main theories, principles, concepts and of the latest findings available within their specific field of study or profession. The knowledge shall be more in-depth than that acquired at cycle 1 and 2.- That the students have contributed important innovation to the field of study in the form of new knowledge or significant adaptation, innovative utilisation or interpretation of existing knowledge. Type of knowledge- That the students possess knowledge and understanding which they have acquired from research carried out on an individual basis.- That students' research findings shall contribute in a significant way to the development of their field of study or profession.- That the students have initiated new knowledge, and its interpretation, with research or other acknowledged scholarly activities which measure up to reviews and critique of other scholars in their field. Practical skills- That students can apply critical analysis, evaluation and integration to new and complex projects.- That students can tackle complex tasks which widen and/or redefine existing methodology in their field of study.- That students can apply in an extensive way the basic skills, technology, methods, material and sources connected with their field of study.- That students can utilise, on a broad basis, general and specialised researc ...

    Category: Qualifications Location: Iceland

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