The Directorate is an administrative institution in the field of education and its main objective is to improve quality and support progress in education in accordance with law and government policies, best evidence and international standards.
Type of knowledge
Knowledge, ability and skills
On completion of doctoral studies the student should have fulfilled the following criteria in addition to those fulfilled at the former level:
1. Knowledge and understanding
1.1. The student has acquired extensive and deep understanding of the main theories, principles, concepts and the most recent findings within a selected area of environment and natural resources. The knowledge is more in-depth than acquired at previous levels.
1.2. The student has adopted an original and critical way of thinking as regards the area of research and is able to put forward and develop theoretical ideas.
1.3. The student possesses an understanding of the nature of scientific research and is aware of the rights and obligations of scientists, including matters concerning discretion, copyright, ethics and intellectual property as regards results and data
1.4. The student has initiated the creation of new knowledge and its interpretation by means of research which has withstood analysis and critique by scholars in the relevant field.
1.5. The student possesses knowledge and understanding acquired through individual research which is considered an important contribution to the relevant field of research.
1.6. The student knows about the systems used in the financing of research and its evaluation and understands how research is applied in an academic as well as practical sense.
2. Practical ability and skills
2.1. The student has the ability to carry out a research project by setting research goals and milestones and setting priorities for their execution.
2.2. The student has the ability to design and use systematic methods for acquiring and analyzing information on complex problems by means of appropriate research equipment and data.
2.3. The student knows how to apply general and specialized research instruments which are used in his area of research and in related areas.
2.4. The student knows how to retrieve appropriate information from the research literature and other sources of information and knows how to apply the appropriate technology in working with information, recording it and presenting in a systematic manner.
3. Theoretical ability
3.1. The student has applied new methods or known methods in a new way to widen the knowledge base of his area of research or his discipline.
3.2. The student has through his research tackled very complex and new problems and taken them to conclusion.
3.3. The student has written about his research well organized research papers which have been published in recognized international publications.
3.4. The student has written a thorough monograph which constitutes a compendium of the research which he has published and has been found by qualified persons in the University to be fit for a doctoral defence.
4. Communication skills and information literacy
4.1. The student is able to in an effective way communicate with his peers, scholars and the general public about his area of expertise.
4.2. The student is able to work in a team with others and to work effectively with supervisors, peers and co-workers within an institution and in the wider scholarly community, including critical dialogue and exchange of views about scientific subjects.
4.3. The student is able to orally present and defend his research in seminars or oral examinations.
4.4. The student has demonstrated his professional independence and initiative and can take responsibility for his own work, direct and be responsible for the work of others and inform and teach others about research methods and scholarly subjects.
4.5. The student knows how to use any software which may be of use in his area of research for the purpose of analyzing and presenting research data.
4.6. The student is able to critically assess any numerical and graphical information relevant to the field of study.
5. Learning skills
5.1. The student has adopted the will and ability to learn and acquire knowledge while taking a critical stand to knowledge and approaching it with an open mind.
5.2. The student has an inner urge to seek knowledge, is disciplined, careful and aware of the limitations of his knowledge, and is self-assured and shows initiative in his research.