Type of qualification
This qualification is a vocational training preparation scheme which is located in the transitional area between general schooling and vocational education and training. Training provision is aimed at fostering individual improvement in capability for entering training and at aiding career choice decisions on the part of young people. It does not lead to a vocational qualification.
The prevocational training year is a training course at vocational schools which is normally offered on a full-time basis and which prepares young people for the requirements of vocational training. When aligned to level 1 of the DQR, the prevocational training year is categorised as general education. It is partially based on the first year of training in a training occupation in terms of theory and practice. It includes an expansion of general education and parts of basic vocational training within a single occupational field. Duration of training: at least 6 months, usually 6 to 12 months
Vocational preparation schemes are a training instrument to facilitate access to the training and labour market for young people and young adults. Their purpose is to provide preparation for commencement of vocational education and training or to ease occupational integration. Vocational preparation schemes that are aligned to the “basic level” (level 1) focus on career choice decisions and acquisition of apprenticeship entry maturity. Vocational preparation schemes are funded by the Federal Employment Agency and delivered by regional training providers. Duration of training: at least 4 months, usually 4 to 10 months.
Those completing the qualification acquire apprenticeship entry maturity and are in possession of competences for the fulfilment of simple requirements within a clearly and stably structured area of learning or work. Fulfilment of tasks takes place under supervision. Persons who meet the general characteristics of educational and working ability and who satisfy the minimum requirements for entry to vocational education and training are deemed to be in possession of apprenticeship entry maturity. Competences include basic cognitive, social and personal skills and mental and physical resilience.