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Qualification: Medicine, Candidatus

Medicine, Candidatus

Qualification Information

Knowledge, ability and skills.
At the final examination the graduate should have gained the following:

1. Knowledge and understanding -Type of knowledge
1.1 He has gained knowledge about the main facts of those basics sciences necessary for normal structure and function of cells, cell components, organs, organ system and of the human body as a whole (Anatomy, Cell biology, Genetics, Embryology, Physiology, Biochemistry, Molecular biology).
1.2 He has gained knowledge about the main facts of the basic sciences that underlie the function and structure of the body as well as an understanding about how a chemical reactions and physiological principles influence and govern the function of the body (Chemistry, Physics).
1.3 He has gained knowledge and understanding of the research methods and investigative tools in the basics sciences that have been used to resolve basic questions and generate scientific progress to explain structure and function of the body.
1.4 He has gained knowledge and understanding on how divergences or interruptions of this basic functions can lead to abnormalities and diseases and on the other hand in what way the basic knowledge can be used to restore normal function; medical management.
1.5 He has gained knowledge and understanding of those changes and pathophysiology that lead to diseases and how different group of diseases (e. inflammation, tumours, infections, necrosis) emerges and stem from different types of irregularities in basic functions of the body. (Pathology, Immunology).
1.6 He has gained knowledge and understanding of the organisms in his surroundings and their functions, that can lead to interference of structure and function of the body and cause diseases (Microbiology, Virology, Parasitology).
1.7 He has gained knowledge and understanding of the investigative methods that are used in scientific work in those fields (1.6.) and how those and related methods are used for diagnoses of diseases in the daily care of a patient.
1.8 He has gained knowledge about the basic structure of drugs, drug metabolism and drug action and an understanding how those are used for medical treatment and how the practical use of this knowledge connects basic science and clinical medicine (Pharmacology).
1.9 He has gained knowledge about how drugs and chemicals can cause the individual harm, diseases, handicapp and even death and how one should respond to such a danger (Toxicology).
1.10 He has gained knowledge about how diseases emerge, what are their signs and symptoms and learned about diagnoses and treatment. He has overview over most important diseases and diseases groups, special patient groups and epidemiology of diseases - Clinical medicine (Internal medicine, Surgery, Paediatrics, Neurology, Psychiatry, Obstetrics and gynaecology, Oto- rhino- laryngology, Ophtalmology, Anaesthesia and intensive care, Emergency medicine, Primary health care).
1.11 He has obtained clinical training that enables him to examine the patient, diagnose diseases, and use his knowledge to make treatment plans, execute them and organize appropriate follow up. He has understanding of his limitations and works under the guidelines and observation of his elders and who bear the ultimate responsibility.
1.12 He has gained knowledge and understanding of specific treatment options, the environment of his job and the possibilities society has to help the sick and underprivileged (Rehabilitation, Geriatrics, Forensic medicine, Social sciences and services).
1.13 He has gained knowledge and understanding about the role of the doctor and the special tasks of the doctor as well as other healthcare workers, tasks that matters in the daily routine (Professionalism, Teamwork, Prescribing drugs, Incidence reports, Infection control, Management of the health care system, Quality awareness and control, Electronic patient record).
1.14 He has gained knowledge and training in human interaction, the patient doctor relationship and medical ethics.
1.15 He has gotten acquainted with the main methods of scientific research and health informatics, used in medicine. He has gained ability to do research, discuss his research and compare his results to the literature and general knowledge bases and has gained ability to report on his research progress.

2. Clinical skills and ability
2.1 He is able to use his knowledge and experience to attend to patients problems, collect necessary health information, evaluate the condition of the patient and compare to evidence based knowledge to form a treatment plan and execute it.
2.2. He has got the skills and ability to respond quickly and securely to those with acute problems as well as accidents.
2.3. He has got the ability and skills to seek solutions for problems that are less acute, refering to the literature and textbooks.
2.4. He has got the ability and skills to perform simple operations that are considered of general type and do not require a specialist.
2.5. He is aware of his limitations and seeks help for the solutions of clinical problems where appropriate.
2.6. He has got the skills and ability, in clinical work, to gain a special connection of trust with his patients and relatives, when collecting informations about their problems; making a patients record.
2.7. He has got the skills and ability to form a professional relationship with his co-workers and to work in a professional group. He can make use of his knowledge to lead such a group if the task of the group is within to his knowledge base and experience.
2.8. He has got the skills and preparation to take on constantly and gradually increasing responsibility as his training progresses.
2.9. He can make use of his knowledge for further (clinical) education and training with guided supervision, for obtaining license or speciality training in the field of his interest.

3. Academic skills
3.1. He has got the ability and skills to give lectures, introduce clinical case reports and organize workrounds and clinical seminars for co-workers and students.
3.2. He can participate in scientific work, participate in the necessary discussions, form a research question and hypothesis, argue for those and participate in the making of a protocol as well as grant applications.
3.3. He can assess the appropriate use of different research methods, and evaluate how best to approach the analyses and assessment of problems.
3.4. He can utilize appropriate data processing tools, including software.
3.5. He can write scientific abstracts, articles and reports.
3.6. He has evolved and gained increased understanding and extended knowledge in his/her field of specialisation (medicine).
3.7. He can can choose to put his emphasis on teaching and research for future work; basic research, clinical research, when choosing an academic carrier.

4. Communications skills
4.1. He has the ability to initiate research and developmental projects within his fields, has the ability to direct such projects and to be responsible for the work of individuals and groups.
4.2. He can discuss medicine in economic and political environment. He knows the role and nature of government and governmental organizations. He can guide his constituents to make use of the rights and opportunities that common funds can offer.
4.3. He can initiate or participate in a multiprofessional co-operation, education and research.
4.4. He has the knowledge and ability to meet his constituents and coworkers with full professionalism; with respect, integrity and honour, altruism, conscientiousness, caring and compassion as participant of a team, a scientist and a leader.
4.5. He emphasizes self improvement.

5. Common learning ability
5.1 He has gained preparation and developed the necessary learning skills and independent working methods to be able to undertake further education and has also gained experience that will allow him to be responsible for his further postgraduate training, continuous medical education and professional development.

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