The Directorate is an administrative institution in the field of education and its main objective is to improve quality and support progress in education in accordance with law and government policies, best evidence and international standards.
Knowledge, ability and skills
At the conclusion of the program, the student can demonstrate knowledge, skills and ability as stated below:
Knowledge and Understanding:
Students possess a general understanding of theories, criteria, concepts and methods within Forest Science and Restoration Ecology and Management. Students can apply their knowledge and understanding to their theoretical practice, or within their profession. On successful completion of the FS-REM Program a graduate from either stream should demonstrate knowledge and skills as follows: A1 General scientific background : Basic relevant scientific background: (bio)physics, chemistry, statistics & mathematics. • These courses are mainly given during the 1st year in both streams; 01.34.02 Mathematics, 01.20.03 Inorganic chemistry, 02.26.02 Organic chemistry, 02.32.02 Biochemistry, 02.32.02 Introduction to statistics, 03.39.04 Experimental design and analysis. A2 Biological system understanding : Biological system understanding: The different levels of organisation and complexity, from molecules, through cells, organs, organisms, populations, communities, ecosystems, to biomes and the global earth-ocean-atmosphere system. • These are the basic geological, biological, physiological and ecological courses mostly offered within both streams, including 01.60.03 Geology of Iceland, 02.02.02 Botany, 02.06.04 Basic Ecology, 02.12.01 Botany field course, 03.03.03 Soil science, 03.26.03 Genetics, 04.33.03 Plant physiology. A3 Ecological process understanding: Knowledge and understanding of key ecological processes: energy, mass and element fluxes between components and trophic levels; evolution and adaptation; competition, predation, parasitism and mutualism; population dynamics some of which informed by the forefront of the discipline. • This knowledge is given mostly in 2nd and 3rd year courses for both streams; 01.49.03 Forest science I, 02.06.04 Basic ecology, 03.03.03 Soil science, 03.53.03 Land reclamation and restoration, 07.85.02 Forest ecology and sustainable forest management. Also some additional courses are offered within the REM-stream; 03.46.04 Icelandic ecosystems, 04.50.02 Plant ecology, 04.52.02 Hydrology, 05.75.03 Grazing ecology and management, 05.79.04 Restoration ecology, 06.90.02 Environmental modelling with GIS . A4 Biodiversity and genetic variability: Knowledge and understanding of local and global biodiversity, used in its widest sense to include genetic, taxonomic, habitat, and biome and the issues and approaches involved in maintaining and enhancing biodiversity in forests and other ecosystems. • These topics are touched upon within the courses 01.49.03 Forest science I, 02.06.04 Basic ecology, 03.26.03 Genetics, 03.46.04, 03.53.03 Land reclamation and restoration, Icelandic ecosystems, 04.50.02 Plant ecology, 05.75.03 Grazing ecology and management, 05.79.04 Restoration ecology, 07.85.02 Forest ecology and sustainable forest management. A5 Soil structure and function: Knowledge and understanding of soil structure and processes. • To understand ecosystem processes both in forests and degraded lands, information about soils is essential. These issues are tackled within 01.60.03 General geology, 03.03.03 Soil science, 03.50.02 Forest science II, 03.53.03 Land reclamation and restoration, 03.73.02 Forest health, 04.49.03 Techniques for restoration and afforestation of severely degraded land, 04.52.02 Hydrology, 04.69.01, Soil conservation and restoration in Iceland – field course, 05.79.04 Restoration ecology. A6 Forest structure and function: The structure and function of forests and other terrestrial ecosystems, including key genetic, ecological and physiological processes. • Both streams deal with these issues, but more courses are given within the FS stream; 01.49.03 Forest science I, 03.50.02 Forest science II, 04.70.01 Icelandic forests – field course, 04.49.03 Techniques for restoration and afforestation of severely degraded land, 06.84.02 Design and operation of recreational forests, 05.66.02 Forest mensuration, 06.51.02 Plant use in urban forests, recreational forests and shelterbelts, 05.71.03 Forest planning, 05.74.02 Forest and wood technology, 07.85.02 Forest ecology and sustainable forest management. A7 Sustainable resource management: Appropriate practical scientific and technical methods and approaches in sustainable forest management and afforestation, land reclamation and ecological restoration. • Both streams deal with these issues, but more courses are given within the REM stream; 03.53.03 Land reclamation and restoration, 04.49.03 Techniques for restoration and afforestation of severely degraded land, 04.69.01 Soil conservation and restoration in Iceland – field course, 05.75.03 Grazing ecology and management, 05.79.04 Restoration ecology, 06.52.02 Planning for ecological restoration and sustainable land use, 07.85.02 Forest ecology and sustainable forest management. A8 Survey and inventory: Appropriate practical scientific methods and approaches to obtain information about ecosystem structure and function: observation, inventory, experimentation, modelling; and techniques used in their analysis. • These issues are inherent part of forest science and are thought within that stream; 03.71.02 Forest mensuration, 03.50.02 Forest science II, 05.71.03 Forest planning. They are also covered within the REM stream, especially 03.53.03 Land reclamation and restoration, 05.79.04 Restoration ecology, 06.52.02 Planning for ecological restoration and sustainable land use. A9 GIS and remote sensing : Advanced planning, remote sensing and geographical information system software; • This is becoming a core methodology within all resource management subjects and there is a strong emphasis on the GIS-technique within both streams. 02.24.03 Cartography, 03.82.02 Aerial photo interpretation and remote sensing, 04.73.03 Geographical Information Systems I, 05.71.03 Forest planning, 06.52.02 Planning for ecological restoration and sustainable land use, 06.90.02 Environmental modelling with GIS. A10 Landscape planning: Appropriate practical scientific and technical methods in landscape design. • This is especially important when forests are being planned and established in a treeless area; emphasis within the FS stream; 04.24.05 Landscape analysis and landscape theory, 06.85.02 Design and operation of recreational forests, 06.51.02 Plant use in urban forests, recreational forests and shelterbelts. A11 Policy, law and regulations: Knowledge of the role of policy and statutory controls in forest management and ecological restoration, the role of ecology in natural resource management, key environmental issues facing society, ethics, afforestation, revegetation and sustainable development. • These issues are mostly dealt with within introduction and planning courses in both streams; e.g. 01.49.03 Forest science I, 03.53.03 Land reclamation and restoration, 05.71.03 Forest planning, 06.52.02 Planning for ecological restoration and sustainable land use. A12 Entrepreneurship and Management tools: In-depth and critical understanding of key aspects of entrepreneurship and innovation, practices, and policies with particular reference to Iceland. Fundamental accounting and business concepts and principles. Quantitative and qualitative management tools, including advanced planning, control and project-management software; • Both streams put emphasis that the students should obtain necessary knowledge to be able to work independently as contractors after graduation, if they so choose; 01.42.03 Introduction to business finance, 05.51.03 Project management, 05.34.02 Resource economics, 06.51.03 Entrepreneurship. Learning Methods Lectures are the principal method of delivery of A1-A12. Lectures give students the main highlights of textbooks and on-line material (Years 1 to 3), and research papers (Year 2 and particularly Year 3. Laboratory and field practicals are widely used in all Years, and field courses take place in the summer after 1 to 2 year. Coursework associated with field trips in Years 2 to 3 develops independence, and Final Assignment in Year 3 teaches and develops further those qualities. Structured discussions and student seminars within small groups are widely used to train their communication skills. Field courses in different environments in Years 2 and 3 teach and develop A2-A7, and particularly integrate (A2 and A3 – ecological understanding). Assessment Methods Unseen written examinations are the principal method of assessment, but assessed essays and other coursework assignments normally comprise 20-70% of the final course mark.
Type of Knowledge:
Students have adopted extensive knowledge and understanding in one or more specialized areas within their subject. On successful completion of the FS-REM Program a graduate should demonstrate knowledge as follows: B1 : Retrieve, select and collate appropriate ecological, environmental and biological information • These are 1st year basic courses where information retrieval is thought and 2nd and 3rd year courses where students have to use that knowledge when working on independent or group assignments and have to deliver reports. Both streams have many such courses in common, 01.49.03, 02.06.04, 02.02.02. 03.03.03, 03.53.03, 04.49.03. Then there are some courses with large assignment in each stream; Forest science stream: 03.73.02, 03.50.02, 04.70.01; and the Restoration Ecology and Management stream: 03.46.04, 04.25.02, 04.69.01, 05.75.03, 05.79.04 (see course names (and numbers) at the end of this document). B2 : Analyse and interpret quantitative information in graphs, figures, maps, tables and equations and appropriate statistical tests. • This knowledge is much emphasized in most 1st year courses in both streams; 01.10.03, 01.34.02, 01.20.03, 01.49.03, 02.06.04, 02.02.02, 02.33.02, 02.26.02, 02.