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Qualification: DIPLOMA OF VOCATIONAL SECONDARY EDUCATION with professional qualification: Gardening Technician

DIPLOMA OF VOCATIONAL SECONDARY EDUCATION with professional qualification: Gardening Technician

Qualification Information

- Able to perform intellectual operations at the level of knowledge, understanding, use and simple analysis.
- Uses knowledge and theoretical understanding in wide-ranging complex activities.
- Able to obtain and evaluate information independently.
- Uses wide-ranging knowledge and skills for the solution of well-formulated, but unknown and unforeseeable problems.
- Has detailed, theoretical knowledge and understanding corresponding to the professional qualification.
- Has wide-ranging skills and proficiency essential for the profession corresponding to the professional qualification.
- Able to perform the work of executor independently, including the planning and supervision of the work to be performed.
- Knows and is able to apply appropriate technologies.
- Able to apply information acquisition and processing technologies in professional activity.
- Latvian language proficiency developed and foreign language(-s) proficiency improved.
- Knows and understands links between historical developments of their county, Latvia, Europe and world.
- Able to apply mathematical knowledge and skills in professional work.
- Able to apply knowledge about the facts and laws of natural sciences in professional activity.
- Able to evaluate the processes occurring in nature and society and comprehend them in their system and development.
- Understands the principle of coherence of ecological space and observes the environmental protection requirements in professional activity.
- Understands the basic principles of market economy.
- Able to find their place in the economic structures of society and able to operate therein.
- Understands the economic relationship between employer and employee and knows the relevant legislation.
- Has a conception of the political structure of the European Union, as well as of the principles of single economic area and the mobility of the labour force.
- Evaluates their abilities adequately.
- Plans activity in compliance with circumstances, possibilities and their abilities.
- Plans time in accordance with task.
- Able to make justified choice and make a decision independently in familiar and less familiar circumstances.
- Able to answer for the quantitative and qualitative result of their professional activities, assumes partial responsibility for the work performed by others.
- Is determined, systematic and rational when working.
- Is careful and accurate.
- Able to assume initiative.


1. The KNOWLEDGE at the level of notion:
1.1. irrigation and drainage systems;
1.2. types of covered areas and coverage;
1.3. support systems in the open fields and covered areas;
2. The KNOWLEDGE at the level nderstanding:
2.1. cultivating technologies in the biological, integrated, intensive and conventional gardening;
2.2. plant protection;
2.3. soil structure and characteristics, soil procession techniques;
2.4. agro-chemistry;
2.5. agro-ecology;
2.6. plant (including weeds) morphology, physiology, and ontogenesis;
2.7. knowledge of the assortment of the gardening plant species ;
2.8. seed quality indicators, knowledge of seed pre-treatment methods;
2.9. physiologically active substancesregulating the plant growth;
2.10. quality criteria for planting material;
2.11. botanical  distribution of flowers (annual flowers, wintergreens, medical wintergreens, houseplants);
2.12. soil (substrate), temperature, light and humidity interconnections;
2.13. knowledge of the plant fertilizer peculiarities;
2.14. harmful organisms in flowers, vegetables, fruits, and berry bushes;
2.15. the determined quality criteria for flowers or plants;
2.16. the features of plant nutrient element shortage and abundance;
2.17. mechanization possibilities in vegetable cultivation;
2.18. maturity degrees of plant products;
2.19. harvest quality and packing;
2.20. garden planning (infrastructure, protecting seedlings, variety locations);
2.21. pollination features of vegetables, fruits and berry bushes;
2.22. fruit and berry varieties, rootstock assortment, suitability for growing conditions;
2.23. planting material quality and category requirements;
2.24. laws and regulations in the field of gardening;
2.25. operating standards of equipment and tools;
2.26. work organization and planning, planning of staff and technical resources;  
2.27. basics of document management;
2.28. basics of communication  and conflict management;
2.29. professional terminology in the official language and one foreign language.
3. The KNOWLEDGE at the level use:
3.1. plant names in Latin;
3.2. storage conditions of gardening materials;
3.3. principles of plant compatibility and crop rotation;
3.4. calculation of fertilizer norms and doses, calculation of the concentration in soil improvement;
3.5. methods of substrate preparation and soil improvement;
3.6. sowing types and times, seed insertion depth, seedling rate calculations;
3.7. plant multiplying techniques;
3.8. quality, sorting, packaging and labeling requirements for horticultural products;
3.9. annual flowers, wintergreens, medical wintergreens, houseplants cultivation methods;
3.10. forced flower cultivation technologies;
3.11. possibilities of limiting harmful organisms in plants;
3.12. specific method features of plant protection (agro-technical, preventive, mechanical, biological, chemical) in vegetable cultivation;
3.13. purchase, use, and storage of professional plant protection products;
3.14 plant cultivation methods and techniques in covered areas and open fields;
3.15. optimal harvest storage conditions and technologies;
3.16. soil processing methods in cultivation of plants, flowers, vegetables, fruits, and berry bushes;
3.17. agro-technical methods in disadvantaged cultivating conditions;
3.18. methods to detect the readiness degree of fruits and berries;
3.19. maintenance and use of equipment and inventories used in the work;
3.20. area, volume, and mass calculations;
3.21. A and B category tractor driver license;
3.22. information technologies;
3.23. legal employment relations;
3.24. basics of economics and business;
3.25. accounting principles;
3.26. principles of professional and general ethics;
3.27. fire safety requirements, fire safety products and their uses;
3.28. labour protection (the requirements of labour protection laws and regulations, labour protection products and their uses, first aid);
3.29. chemical substances and absorbents;
3.30. waste sorting;
3.31. principles of energy efficiency and economical management;
3.32. environmental protection, environmental friendly technologies and materials;
3.33. official language;
3.34. one foreign language at the professional communication level.


1. To take soil samples and identify soil type, mechanical properties, and soil reactions.
2. To identify soil processing terminology and evaluate processing quality and degree of soil cultivation.
3. To calculate the necessary substrate preparation components and prepare them.
4. To evaluate the impact of agro-climatic and environmental factors, link the occurring processes in the plants and soil.
5. To choose the optimal plant density in the plantation.
6. To measure the planting area and calculate the necessary quantity of the seed material, seedlings, plants.
7. To prepare seeds and planting material and to choose the type and time of sowing and seeding.
8. To choose the optimal plant sowing or seedling depth, to perform sowing and planting according to the chosen plant and soil properties.
9. To recognize plants (including weeds), seeds, sprouts, seedlings at different development stages.  
10. To choose and use the necessary working tools, agricultural equipment and devices,  observe their maintenance requirements.
11. To choose types of watering systems according to the plant requirements and usage possibilities.
12. To evaluate the technical condition of the irrigation and drainage system.
13. To choose and use the most appropriate propagation method for plant sort according to the planting conditions and plant cultivating purposes.
14. To evaluate the quality of seeds, seedlings, sprouts, flowers, fruits, and berries.
15. To choose and use the most suitable technologies and regimes for cultivation of seedlings, flowers, fruits, and berry bushes.
16. To evaluate the results of soil and plant agro-chemical analysis.
17. To provide balance of nutrients in seeds, flowers, vegetables, fruits, and berries, know and use fertilizers at the appropriate stages of plant development.
18. To calculate the concentration of fluid feeders and prepare them.
19. To evaluate the phytosanitary plant status, determine the necessity of the plant protection measures, use the plant protection products, regulate sprayers, control mist quality.
20. To plan plant rotation in the open fields and plant circulation in covered areas.
21. To evaluate suitability of the gardening plant assortment with the cultivating conditions.
22. To plan the plant flowering time by using appropriate technologies, force plant growing according to the planned realization time.
23. To evaluate the necessity of pollination.
24. To use plant and harvest care methods in disadvantaged growing conditions.
25. To compose tech

Reference Data

EQF Level:
Thematic area:
Information Language:
NQF Level: 
Awarding body: 

- Sabiedrība ar ierobežotu atbildību "Bulduru Dārzkopības vidusskola"

Awarding body contact info: 

Tālr.: 67753135
Fakss: 67753135
E-pasts: bulduri@bulduri.lv

Source of information: 
National occupation classification: 


Relationship type: 

Gardening technician (3142 04)

Access requirements: 

Certificate of general basic education

Ways to acquire: 

Formal (through education programmes)